Gopher used in the University of Minnesota and was created in 1991 and called after its mascot. Gopher can be a selection-driven software which allows a person to search for text data offered from different Gopher servers. With later versions of gopher. Gopher system was released in mid-1991 by Mark McCahill, Farhad Anklesaria, Paul Lindner, Daniel Torrey, and Bob Alberti of the University of Minnesota in the United States.
Its central goals were, as stated in RFC 1436:
• A file-like hierarchical arrangement that would be familiar to users.
• A simple syntax.
• A system that can be created quickly and inexpensively.
• Extending the file system metaphor, such as searches.
For example HyperGopher, customers may also see JPEG and GIF files. After 1996, many Gopher servers taken offline or were both transformed into the Internet.
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Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone.