Enduring CSS the creation of CSS is really a challenge and CSS endures continual iteration, multiple authors, and yet always produces predictable results About This Book- Address the problems of CSS at scale, avoiding the shortfalls of scaling CSS. There is a shortfall of conventional approaches to scaling CSS. But you can learn to organize project structure to more easily isolate and decouple visual components.
Invented by:Ben Frain
Year Invented:In January 17, 2017
There are large projects involved then this book is very helpful for the CSS authors. It can tackle the enduring CSS for large-scale projects. There is a shortfall of conventional approaches to scaling CSS. It is challenge that how to develop consistent and enforceable selector naming conventions with ECSS. The scientists want to know how to handle state changes in the DOM with ARIA or override selectors.
Flask is a micro web framework which is written in Python. It is based on the Werkzeug toolkit and Jinja2 template engine. It takes the BSD licensed.There are some extensions which exist for object relational mappers and the common framework. There are some sections which are updated far more regularly flask program.
Invented by: Armin Ronacher
Year Invented: April 1, 2010
There is micro framework which is called Flask. It may not require the particular tools or libraries. There is no database abstraction layer, form validation, or any other components where pre-existing third-party libraries provide common functions.
Invented by: Joe Hewitt
Year Invented: March 30, 2016
Invented By: Microsoft
Year Invented: 1 October 2012
Nginx (pronunciation formalized as (NGINX or nginx), is a program which is a web server, that can also be used as a reverse proxy, load balancer and HTTP cache. It is developed by Igor Sysoev in 2002, it can run on Unix, Linux, BSD variants, macOS, Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, and Windows.
Invented By: Igor Sysoev
Year Invented: 4 October 2004
Nginx is developed serve dynamic HTTP content. When the content is on the network then it uses the FastCGI, SCGI handlers for scripts, WSGI application servers or Phusion Passenger modules, and it can serve as a software load balancer.
Nginx may be arranged to attend dynamic HTTP content on the network using Nginx uses an asynchronous event-driven approach to handling requests.
Invented By: Google
Year Launched: May 16, 2006
GWT is software which emphasizes reusable approaches to common web development tasks, called asynchronous remote procedure calls, history management, bookmarking, UI abstraction, internationalization, and cross-browser portability.
Invented By: Jack Slocum
Year Invented: March 2016
text field and text area input controls
Date fields with a pop-up date-picker
list box and combo boxes
radio and checkbox controls
html editor control
Microsoft Silverlight is software that is simply called Silverlight. It is a deprecated application framework for writing and running rich Internet applications, similar to Adobe Flash. If you want to browse then there is a plugin for Silverlight is available for some browsers.
Invented By: Microsoft Corporation
Year Invented: September 5, 2007
There is a retained mode graphics system which is called Silverlight. It is similar to Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF). It integrates multimedia, graphics, animations, and interactivity into a single run-time environment. User interfaces are declared in Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) in Silverlight applications and programmed using a subset of the .NET Framework.
Java Server Faces (JSF) is a Java specification that is used for the building of component. That is based user interfaces for web applications. It is developed as a standard through the Java Community Process. It is a part of the Java Platform, Enterprise Edition. JSF uses Face lets as its default tempting system.
Invented by: Java
Year Invented: 2004-03-11
PrestaShop is software which is a free, open source e-commerce solution. The particular software is printed under the Open Software License (OSL). You can write it in the PHP programming language with support for the MySQL database management system. PrestaShop is currently used by 250,000 shops worldwide. It is available in 60 diverse languages.
Invented By: Bruno Lévêque, Igor Schlumberger
Year Invented: 2007
There are more than three hundred built-in features in the PrestaShop for managing product listing, payments, shipping, manufacturers and suppliers. You can use web template system by the PrestaShop. Users are allowed to customize store themes and add new features through add-on modules.
Basecamp is a web-based project management apparatus which is developed by Basecamp as well as launched in 2004. A new version was launched in 2012.
Invented By: Basecamp
Year Invented: February 5, 2004
There is a web-based project management tool that is called Basecamp. It is developed by Basecamp and launched in 2004. There was a new version that was launched in 2012.
HostGator is a Houston-based provider which can perform the shared, reseller, virtual private server, and dedicated web hosting with an additional presence in Austin, Texas.
Invented By: Brent Oxley
Year Invented: October 23, 2002
The company moved from the original office in Boca Raton, Florida in 2007. It has new 20,000 square building in Houston, Texas. HostGator is one of the fastest growing companies at 21 in the United States and 1 in the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas area. After that, they decide to make their hosting service green hosting by working with Integrated Ecosystem Market Services.
GoDaddy was created in 1997 by Baltimore, Maryland, entrepreneur Bob Parsons. Prior to GoDaddy, Parsons has sold his financial software services company, “Parsons Technology, Inc.” to Intuit for $64m in 1994. Parsons has come out of his retirement in 1997 to launch Jomax Technologies, which later became GoDaddy Group Inc.
GoDaddy established a planned venture from top venture capital funds, KKR, Silver Lake, and Technology Crossover Ventures.
There is a company which is called GoDaddy Inc.
It is a publicly traded Internet domain registrar and web hosting company. GoDaddy Inc. attended approximately 13 million customers and had 4,908 employees internationally.
Bluehost is a web hosting company which is owned by Endurance International Group. It is one of the 20 largest companies in all over the world. It is a web hosts, collectively hosting well over 1.9+ million domains with its sister companies such as HostMonster, FastDomain and iPage. The company activates its servers in-house in a 50,000 square feet (4,600 m2) facility in Provo, Utah, that is now shared with sister company HostMonster.
Invented By: Matt Heaton
Year Invented: 2003
BlueHost is a company which has introduced a new feature to all customers – CPU throttling. It is one of the largest companies of all over the world.
A free multilingual machine, Google Translate, a service developed by Google, to translate text, speech, images, sites, or real-time video from one language into another. It offers a web interface, mobile apps for Android and iOS, and an API that helps developers build browser extensions and software applications.
Invented By: Google
Year Launched: April 28, 2006
Google Translate can translate multiple forms of text and media, including text, speech, images, sites, or real-time video, from one language to another.It supports over 100 languages at various levels and as of May 2013, serves over 200 million people daily.
A file hosting service, DropBox operated by American company Dropbox, Inc, headquartered in San Francisco, California, that offers cloud storage, file synchronization, personal cloud, and client software.
Invented By: Arash Ferdowsi, Drew Houston
Year Invented: June 2007
Dropbox creates a special folder on the user’s computer, the contents of which are then coordinated to Dropbox’s servers and to other computers and devices that the user has installed Dropbox on, keeping the same files up-to-date on all devices. Dropbox uses a freemium business model, where users are offered a free account with a set storage size, with paid subscriptions available that offer more capacity and additional structures.
Google Drive is a file storage and harmonization service developed by Google. Launched on April 24, 2012, Google Drive allows users to store files in the cloud, harmonize files across devices, and share files. In addition to a website, Google Drive offers apps with offline capabilities for Windows and macOS computers, and Android and iOS smartphones and tablets.
Invented By: Google
Year Launched : April 24, 2012
Google Drive is a key component of G Group, Google’s monthly subscription offering for businesses and organizations. As part of select G Group plans, Drive offers unlimited storage, advanced file audit reporting, enhanced administration controls, and greater collaboration tools for teams.
An online education company Lynda.com offering thousands of video courses in software, creative, and business skills.
Invented By: Lynda Weinman and Bruce Heavin
Year Invented: 1995
Members have unlimited access to watch the videos, which are primarily educational. On April 9, 2015, LinkedIn announced its purchase of lynda.com for $1.5 billion. Based in Carpinteria, California, lynda.com has more than 500 employees worldwide, and offers instruction in English as well as German, French, and Spanish through its branded division, video2brain.
Satellite images of varying resolution of the Earth’s surface displayed by Google Earth, allowing users to see things like cities and houses looking vertically down or at an oblique angle. Imagery resolution ranges from 15 meters of resolution to 15 centimeters.
Invented By: Keyhole, Inc.
Year Launched: June 11, 2001
Some people use the applications to add their own data, making them available through various sources, such as the Bulletin Board Systems (BBS) or blogs mentioned in the link section below. Google Earth is able to show various kinds of images covered on the surface of the earth.
Blogger is a blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries. Pyra Labs developed it, which was bought by Google in 2003. Generally, Google hosted the blogs at a subdomain of blogspot.com. Blogs can also be hosted in the registered custom domain of the blogger (like www.example.com).
Invented By: Pyra Labs developed it
Year Invented: August 23, 1999
As part of the Blogger redesign in 2006, all blogs associated with a user’s Google Account were migrated to Google servers. Blogger claims that the service is now more trustworthy because of the quality of the servers.
DoubleClick is a secondary of Google, which develops and provides Internet ad serving services. Its clients include agencies, marketers (Universal McCann, AKQA etc.) and publishers who serve customers like Microsoft, General Motors, Coca-Cola, Motorola, L’Oréal, Palm, Inc., Apple Inc., Visa USA, Nike, Carlsberg among others.
Invented By: Kevin O’Connor, Dwight Merriman
Year Launched: 1996
DoubleClick offers technology products and services that are sold primarily to advertising agencies and media companies to allow clients to traffic, target, deliver, and report on their interactive advertising campaigns. The company’s main product line is known as DART, designed for advertisers and publishers.
Omar Hamoui is a founder of a mobile advertising company named as AdMob. The name AdMob is a combination for “advertising on mobile”. It was combined on April 10, 2006 while Hamoui was in business school at Wharton. The company is based in Mountain View, California. In November 2009, Google acquired it.
Invented By: Omar Hamoui
Year Launched: April 10, 2006
AdMob is one of the world’s largest mobile advertising platforms and claims to serve more than 40 billion mobile banner and text ads per month across mobile Web sites and handset applications.
Google Search Console (previously Google Webmaster Tools) is a no-charge web service by Google for webmasters. It permits webmasters to check indexing status and optimize visibility of their websites.
As of May 20, 2015, Google rebranded Google Webmaster Tools as Google Search Console. It has tools that let webmasters Submit and check a sitemap.Check and set the skulk rate, and view statistics about when Googlebot accesses a particular site.
Search Analytics reports deliver more accurate reports than the Search Probes report.The reports are up-to-date and provides the latest information possible.Search Analytics reports considers all the links to the same page as single impression.
A freemium web analytics Google Analytics service offered by Google that tracks and reports website traffic. Google launched the service in November 2005 after getting Urchin. Google Analytics is now the most widely used web analytics service on the Internet.
Invented By: Google
Year Launched: November 14, 2005
Integrated with AdWords, users can now review online promotions by tracking landing page quality and conversions (goals). Goals might include sales, lead generation, viewing a specific page, or downloading a particular file. Google Analytics approach is to show high-level, dashboard-type data for the casual user and more in-depth data further into the report set.
A program run by Google, Google AdSense that allows publishers in the Google Network of content sites to serve automatic text, image, video, or interactive media advertisements, that are targeted to site content and audience. These advertisements are managed, organized, and upheld by Google.
Year Launched: June 18, 2003;
Google uses its technology to serve advertisements based on website content, the user’s geographical location, and other aspects. Those wanting to advertise with Google’s targeted advertisement system may enroll through Google AdWords. AdSense has become one of the widespread programs that specializes in creating and placing banner advertisements on a website or blog.
An online advertising service that is Google AdWords , developed by Google, where advertisers pay to display brief advertising copy to web users. Google AdWords’ system is partly based on cookies and keywords predefined by the advertisers.
Invented By: Google
Year Launched: October 23, 2000
In addition to controlling ad placements through location and language targeting, placements can be refined with Internet Protocol (IP) address exclusion. This feature enables advertisers to exclude specified IP address ranges where they do not want their ads to appear. Up to 500 IP addresses, or ranges of addresses, can be omitted per campaign.
For publishing web content, Joomla is a free and open-source content management system (CMS). It is built on a model–view–controller web application framework that can be used independently of the CMS. Joomla is written in PHP, uses object-oriented programming (OOP) techniques (since version 1.5)
Invented By: The Joomla Project Team
Year Invented: August 17, 2005
Joomla developers created a website called OpenSourceMatters.org (OSM) to distribute information to the software community. Project leader Andrew Eddie wrote a letter that appeared on the broadcasts section of the public forum at mamboserver.com. Over one thousand people joined OpenSourceMatters.org within a day, most posting words of encouragement and support.
A security suite plus is Internet Security. More than just an antivirus program, it also includes an award-winning firewall, host disturbance prevention, a sandbox for untrusted software, anti-malware and buffer overflow protection to deliver comprehensive protection against today’s diverse range of threats.
Internet security is a branch of computer security specifically related to the Internet, often involving browser security but also network security on a more general level as it applies to other applications or operating systems on a whole. Its objective is to create rules and measures to use against attacks over the Internet.
An e-commerce business that allows payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet terms as Skrill (formerly Moneybookers), with a focus on low-cost international money transfers.
Invented By: David Sear
Year Invented: 27 July 2001
Customers can purchase a Skrill-branded prepaid card, linked to the account, in one of the four currencies: USD, EUR, PLN, and GBP. High-turnover customers are offered premium membership called “Skrill VIP” that includes additional features, such as a security token, multi-currency accounts and the ability to earn reliability points.
PayPal Holdings, Inc. one of the world’s largest Internet payment companies of an American company operating a worldwide online payments system that supports online money transfers and serves as an electronic alternative to traditional paper methods like checks and money orders.
Invented By: Max Levchin, Peter Thiel, Luke Nosek and Ken Howery.
Year Invented: 1998
PayPal’s services allow people to make financial transactions online by granting the ability to transfer funds electronically between individuals and businesses. Through PayPal, users can send or receive payments for online sales on websites like eBay, purchase or sell goods and services.
The latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language is CSS3 and aims at extending CSS2.1. It brings many long-awaited innovations, like rounded corners, shadows, gradients, transitions or animations, as well as new layouts like multi-columns, flexible box or grid layouts.
CSS3 information can be provided from various sources. These sources can be the web browser, the user and the author. Inline, media type, importance, selector specificity, rule order, inheritance and property definition are further classification of information from author.
CSS3 style information can be in a separate document or it can be set in into an HTML document. Multiple style sheets can be imported.
Firefox Add-ons are software building block that add new functionality to Mozilla applications. They can add anything from a toolbar button to a completely new feature. They allow the application to be customized to fit the personal needs of each user if they need extra features, while reducing the size of the application itself.
Mozilla add-ons are installable developments to the Mozilla Foundation’s projects, including Firefox, Thunderbird, SeaMonkey, and Sunbird. Firefox Add-ons allow the user to add or boost application features, use themes to their liking, and handle new types of content. There are three major categories of add-ons: “Extensions”, “Themes”, and “Plugins”.
Google’s online store for web applications for Google Chrome or Google Apps is Chrome Web Store. It was announced at the Google I/O conference on May 19, 2010 by Vic Gundotra and released on December 6, 2010.The software allows users to install and run web applications for the Google Chrome browser. The Chrome Web Store user experience and design was created by Fi.
Invented By: Google
Year Invented: December 6, 2010
The store hosts free and paid applications. An example of applications available in the store includes the game Plants vs. Zombies. The Store has been described as being like Google Play, but for “apps on the web”.A visual and UI refurbishment of the store was announced on October 25, 2011.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software module that enhances a specific feature to a prevailing computer program. When a program supports plug-ins, it enables customization. The common examples are the plug-ins used in web browsers to add new features such as search-engines, virus scanners, or the ability to use a new file type such as a new video set-up.
Programmers typically implement plug-in functionality using shared libraries installed in a place recommended by the host application. HyperCard supported a similar facility, but more commonly included the plug-in code in the HyperCard documents (called stacks) themselves.
BuildFire provides developers with a powerful matching set of out-of-the-box open source functionality (Plugins) combined with an SDK to split, boost and resubmit these plugins or create exclusively new functionality. No need to reinvent the wheel; build on what Build Fire and others have done before you.
GraphicRiver is part of Envato Market. On GraphicRiver, you can buy and sell royalty-free, layered Photoshop files, vectors, icon packs, Adobe add-ons and design templates for just a limited dollar. The site is home to a bustling community of graphic designers and illustrators.
GraphicRiver is more than a place to find great graphics, it’s a community! You can hear from authors, ask questions in the settings, and comment on items. Contact fellow users and view their portfolios. Envato Market Blog is a valuable resource for industry news, tips and tricks, and site updates.
A mobile photo-sharing application and service terms as Instagram that allows users to share pictures and videos either in public or in private on the service, as well as through a variety of other social networking platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, and Flickr.
Invented By: Kevin Systrom, Mike Krieger (Burbn, Inc.)
Year Invented: October 6, 2010
Pinterest is a free website that requires registration to use. Users can upload, save, nature, and manage images—known as pins—and other media content (e.g., videos) through collections known as pin boards. Pinterest acts as a personalized media platform. Users can browse the content of others in their feed. Users can then save individual pins to one of their own boards using the “Pin It” button, with pin boards typically organized by a central topic or theme.
Invented By: Paul Sciarra, Evan Sharp, and Ben Silbermann
Year Invented: March 2010
Web and mobile application company terms as Pinterest that operates a photo-sharing website. For its use, registration is required. The site was founded by Ben Silbermann, Paul Sciarra and Evan Sharp. Pinterest CEO Ben Silbermann summarized the company as a “catalog of ideas,” rather than as a social network, that inspires users to “go out and do that thing.
Envato (formerly Eden) activates a collection of digital marketplaces that vend inspired possessions for web designers, comprising themes, graphics, video, audio, photography and 3D models. It has above 1.5 million dynamic purchasers and venders and over 6 million communal followers.
Invented By: Collis Ta’eed, Jun Rung, Cyan Ta’eed, Cyan Claire
Year Invented: 2006
Envato Market bargains digital possessions for practice in inspired ventures, with over 8 million digital goods from worldwide communal of above 6 million designers, developers, photographers, and illustrators and video producers, operating transversely eight marketplaces in 200 countries.
Shared web hosting service denotes to a web hosting service wherever numerous websites exist in one web server associated to the Internet. This is usually the utmost economical choice for hosting, as the complete cost of server preservation remunerated above many consumers.
The hosting service requisite comprise system management meanwhile it is united by several operators; this is a advantage for operators who do not want to contract with it, but a interference to control operators who want extra control.
In over-all, shared hosting will be unsuitable for operators who need widespread software expansion external what the hosting worker backings. Nearly all applications envisioned to be on a customary web server work well through a shared web hosting service.
A virtual private server (VPS) is a virtual mechanism vended as a provision by an Internet hosting service. A VPS goes its private facsimile of an operating system, and consumers may have superuser-level entrée to that operating system illustration, so they can mount virtually any software that goes on that OS.
For various tenacities they are functionally correspondent to a dedicated physical server, and being software-convinced, are capable to be much more effortlessly formed and arranged.
The force driving server virtualization is analogous to that which controlled to the enlargement of time-allotment and multiprogramming in the previous.
Dedicated hosting service also called dedicated server or coped hosting service, which is a type of internet hosting in which consumer contracts a complete server not pooled with anybody else. Dedicated server hosting is more malleable as that of shared hosting, as organizations have occupied regulator above the server(s), containing select of operating system, hardware, etc.
The service is mostly pre-emptive in nature. The hosting company as an add-on service can usually provide server supervision. In some about belongings, a dedicated server can bargain fewer above and a greater profit on investment.
Dedicated servers are utmost regularly contained in data midpoints, comparable to colocation amenities, given that terminated power bases and HVAC systems.
Invented By: Refsnes Data
Year Invented: 1998
There is a digital distribution service called Google Play. It includes a digital media store, the Google Play Store (originally the Android Market), operated and developed by Google. It is considered as an official app store for the Android operating system. It is allowing users to browse and download applications which are developed with the Android software development kit (SDK) and published through Google.
Invented By: Google
Year Launched: October 22, 2008
There is availability of the applications through Google Play either free of charge or at a cost. You can download through Play Store mobile app, or by positioning the application to a device from the Google Play website.
App Store is a digital distribution platform that is developed and maintained by Apple Inc. it is used for mobile apps on iOS. This app store permits the browser to download the application which is established with Apple’s iOS SDK. You can download iOS devices; the iPhone smartphone, the iPod Touch handheld computer, the iPad tablet computer, and to the Apple Watch and 4th generation Apple TV as extensions of iPhone apps.
Invented By: Apple Inc.
Year Invented: July 10, 2008
An App store is commonly an online store, where you can browse through these different app categories you can view information about each app (such as reviews or ratings). Moreover, you can acquire the app (including app purchase, if necessary – many apps are offered at no cost). The particular app offers an automatic download, after which the app installs.
Perpetrators use the program for cyber-attack in the world of internet, this program is called (DDoS) attack. (DDoS) attack is an attack in which multiple compromised computer systems attack a target, such as a server, website when the perpetrator used DDoS. Massive network layers are affected because of the DDoS attack.
There is a cyber-attack in the internet world called denial-of-service (DDoS). By the help of it, the perpetrator uses more than one unique IP address, often thousands of them. The cyber-attacks are increasing day by day.
SourceForge is software that is a web-based source code repository. It has a power to act as a centralized location for free and open-source software projects. This program is the first software to offer this service for free to open-source projects. Project developers are able to access to centralized storage and tools for managing projects. There is a best providing revision control systems such as CVS, SVN, Bazaar.
Invented By: VA Software
Year Invented: November 1999
There is a Web-based service which is known as SourceForge. This offers software developers a centralized online location to control. It can manage free and open-source software projects.
There are more than 290 Wikipedia encyclopedias but the English Wikipedia is the largest. English Wikipedia is the largest of the more than 290 Wikipedia encyclopedias. Overall, Wikipedia possesses more than 40 million. Most of the articles are in more than 250 different languages and, as of February 2014, it had 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique visitors each month.
Invented By: Jimmy Wales, Larry Sanger
Year Invented: 15 January 2001
There is a free online encyclopedia that is a Wikipedia. There is an aim to edit the articles. Wikipedia is the biggest and most common general orientation work on the Internet and is ranked among the ten most popular websites.
There is a global performance monitoring solution called Pingdom. It is monitoring solution for your websites and web applications. Powerful Web Performance Monitoring Solution – Pingdom gives the best possible web experience but it is not uptime monitoring.
Invented By: Sam Nurmi
Year Invented: 2007
If you website is slow or down then you can help form the Pingdom’s website monitoring. It can give you a higher web experience which is used for data from monitoring service.
Tools by Google Inc has a family in shape of Google PageSpeed, designed to help a website’s performance optimizations. Developer Conference in 2010 introduces the Google speedpage. The components of PageSpeed family tools have four main: PageSpeed Module, also known as mod_pagespeed, PageSpeed Insights, PageSpeed Service, and PageSpeed Chrome DevTools extension.
Invented By: Google Inc
Year Launched: 2010
There is a largest advantage of this module which is that it does not require modifications to existing content or workflow. Internal optimizations and changes to files are made on the server side which is presenting modified files directly to the user.
Invented By: Remy Sharp
Invented By: Piotr
Year Invented: 2009
CodeIgniter is software which based on the popular model–view–controller (MVC) progress pattern. There is a controller classes which are a necessary part of expansion under CodeIgniter. But the models and views are optional. CodeIgniter is comparable software for its speed when compared to other PHP frameworks.
Invented By: EllisLab
Year Invented: February 28, 2006
GitHub is a place, where the CodeIgniter’s source code is maintained. It is a preview version 3.0rc which is certified open source software licensed with the MIT License. There are many versions which Versions are of CodeIgniter prior to 3.0.0 are licensed under a proprietary Apache/BSD-style open source license.
Symfony is a specialist program to speed up the formation and maintenance of web applications and to replace repetitive coding tasks. But Symfony cannot perform fast or it has a low performance overhead used with a byte code cache.
Invented By: Fabien Potenciera
Year Invented: 22 October 2005
You can build the best PHP applications which are decoupled ad reusable components. You can build the applications including Drupal, phpBB, and eZ Publish. Symfony is a PHP web application framework and a set of returnable PHP components/libraries. Symfony was published sable components.
The Framework is software which is basically a collection of professional PHP based packages. There are various packages which are used by the framework by the use of composer as part of its package dependency managers; some of them are PHP unit for testing all packages, Travis CI for continuous Integration Services.
Invented By: Zend Technologies
Year Invented: March 3, 2006
The framework possesses a diverse building and based on directories such as application, library, public, and tests. This is a base because Zend is motivated towards keeping separation of different parts of application individually. The library and public directory is used as per the invitation of the user.
Invented By: Jeremy Ashkenas
Year Invented: 2009
There are little more than 100 functions in underscore which fall under four main categories that is depending on the data types which they manipulate: there are many functions for manipulating arrays, functions for manipulating objects, functions for manipulating both arrays and objects (the name of the category is “Collections”) and functions for manipulating other functions.
You can make designing in moment to work both in the browser and in Node.js. You can work in all code and you can work in both of these environments. All unit tests are run in both of these environments.
Invented By: Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton
Year Invented: August 19, 2011
The latest versions of the Google take the support from Bootstrap 3 the Chrome. These versions are such as Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Safari (except on Windows). It also provisions back to IE8 and the latest Firefox Extended Support Release (ESR). Bootstrap is linked and consists of a series of less style sheets. These sheets can implement various components of the toolkit.
Opera is a famous web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems. Opera Software has developed the particular software. Chinese group of investors has adopted the browser in November 2016. They gave the name which is known as Golden Brick Capital Private Equity Fund I Limited Partnership.
Invented By: Opera Software
Year Invented: April 1995
Opera software describes that this browser is used by the350 million users worldwide in the 4th quarter of 2014. The total amount of the people is increasing. 219 million people are the users in June 2015. Opera developed many features which are adopted by other web browsers. These browsers are included Speed Dial, pop-up blocking, browser sessions, private browsing, and tabbed browsing.
Mozilla Firefox is software which is commonly known as Firefox. It is a free and open-source web browser which is developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary the Mozilla Corporation.
Invented By: Mozilla project by Dave Hyatt, Joe Hewitt, and Blake Ross
Year Lunched: September 23, 2002
There are many features included tabbed browsing, spell checking, incremental find, live bookmarking, Smart Bookmarks, a download manager, private browsing, location-aware browsing which is also known as “geolocation”. It is based on a Google service as well as it is integrated search system that uses Yahoo! Search, that is a front end of Microsoft search engine Bing by default in most localizations.
Safari is a famous web browser that is established by Apple based on the WebKit engine. It is released for the first time in 2003 with Mac OS X Panther. There is a mobile version which has been included in iOS devices since the introduction of the iPhone in 2007. It is made as a default browser on Apple devices. A Windows version, now discontinued, was available from 2007 to 2012.
Invented By: Apple
Year Invented: January 7, 2003
It is the finest browser for your mobile. Mac is the one that comes with your Mac. Safari is faster than the other one. It has more energy efficient than other browsers. So sites are more receptive and your notebook battery lasts lengthier among the charges. You can build your privacy feature for your business.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a superseded series of graphical web browsers which is developed by Microsoft. Microsoft Windows line of operating systems is included in internet explorer which is starting in 1995.
Invented By: Thomas Reardon
Year Invented: 1994
There are different Versions of Internet Explorer for other operating systems which have also been produced, including Internet Explorer for Mac and Internet Explorer for UNIX (Solaris and HP-UX), an Xbox 360 version that is called Internet Explorer for Xbox and an embedded OEM version called Pocket Internet Explorer. After that rebranded Internet Explorer Mobile has made for Windows Phone, Windows CE, and previously which is based on Internet Explorer 7 for Windows Mobile.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser that is developed by Google. Google Chrome was first released in 2008, for Microsoft Windows, after that, it was later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS and Android. Google Chrome is also the foremost element of Chrome OS, where it assists as a platform for running web apps.
Invented By: Google Inc.
Year Launched: September 2, 2008
Google made the web browser which is the open source web browser. It has other parts from the open source of software such as WebKit and Mozilla. Its name has come from the graphical user interface frame, or “chrome”, of web browsers. Chromium is an open source project behind Google Chrome.
Server-side scripting is a main technique which is used in web development. It involves employing scripts on a web server which produce a response modified for each user’s (client’s) appeal to the website. The server side scripting is a web server itself to deliver a static web page. You can write the scripts in any of a number of server-side scripting languages that are obtainable.
Invented By: Fred DuFresne
Year Invented: 1995
You can use the server-side scripting which is often used to deliver a customized interface for the user. You can use the software for assembling client characteristics for use in customizing the response based on those characteristics, the user’s requirements, access rights, etc.
Apress is a Springer Nature company which is a publisher steadfast to meeting the information needs of developers, IT professionals, and tech communities worldwide. There is a high-quality, practical content which helps the technology for professionals at all levels increase the skills they need to advance in their day-to-day work.
Invented By: Gary cornell and Dan Appleman
Year Invented: 1999
The Apress has a main focus because the après wants to produce books for software developers, IT professionals and programmers. There was an original name that was Author’s Press shortened to APress. In 2003, Apress purchased much of the intellectual property of the designer-oriented publisher friends of ED.
packtpub, It is a publishing company which is based in Birmingham, UK and Mumbai, India. There are many of its book offerings concern information technologies or software. It offers valuable print books and e-books in numerous formats.
Invented By: David Maclean
Year Invented: Founded in 2004 in Birmingham, UK
Packt’s mission is software for creating the new ways in the computer and software world through the delivery of effective learning and information services to IT professionals. The publishing company has published the4000 books and videos so far, providing IT professionals with the actionable knowledge. They are duty bound to perform their jobs regarding the computer because there are emerging technology or optimizing key skills in more established tools.
There is an online learning platform called Udemy.com. When anyone wants to add his professionalism and skills then he can use this platform. Udemy provides a stage called nlike academic MOOC programs driven by traditional collegiate coursework. Any expert can take help for courses which can help without tuition fee.
Invented By: Eren Bali
Year Invented: 2010
Udemy has become a main platform that allows instructors to build online courses on topics of their choosing. Anyone can use Udemy’s course development tools; he can upload video, PowerPoint presentations, PDFs, audio, zip files and live classes to create courses. Instructors are able to engage and interact with users via online discussion boards.
Elasticsearch is a search engine founded on Lucene. It delivers a circulated, accomplished full-text search engine with an HTTP web interface and schema-free JSON documents. Elasticsearch is established in Java and it is an unconstrained as open source under the footings of the Apache License.
Invented By: Shay Banon
Year Invented: in 2004
if you need to search documents then you can use Elasticsearch for all types of documents. Every knob multitudes one or more shards, and acts as a controller to herald procedures to the accurate shard. This is accurate and it delivers ascendable search.
Web based version is a GitHub which controls the repository and internet hosting service. This version does source code management (SCM) functionality of Git as well as adding its own features.
Invented By: Tom Preston-Werner, Chris Wanstrath, PJ Hyett
Year Invented: February 8, 2008
You can access and manipulate the project on gitHub using the standard Git command-line interface and all of the customary Git guidelines work with it. Registered and non-registered users are allowed by the gitHub to browse public repositories on the site. GitHub creates the multiple desktop clients and Git plugins. Moreover, the third party can integrate with the platform.
Stack Overflow is a website which is a web privately held website, the flagship site of the Stack Exchange Network. It is created in 2008 by Jeff Atwood and Joel Spolsky. It is more open alternative to earlier question and answer sites such as Experts-Exchange.
Invented By: Joel Spolsky and Jeff Atwood
Year Invented: 31 July 2008
Developers can reliance Stack Overflow to help solve coding problems. They use Stack Overflow Jobs to find job prospects. The website provides a platform for users to ask and answer questions. They can, through membership and active participation, vote questions and answers up or down and edit questions and answers in a fashion similar to a wiki or Digg.
Typekit is place where designers and developers to use first-class fonts. They can use fonts for their work by subscribing plan. Type kit is not only an amenity but also it’s a platform for fetching great type into all kinds of other products, both inside and out of Adobe.
Invented By: Small Batch
Year Invented: Typekit was launched in September 2009 by Small Batch, Inc
Public can avail the type kit and public can subscribe to gain access under a single licensing agreement to the Type kit font library. There are more than 1,100 typefaces from a variety of foundries.
Fiverr provides access to the freelancer and businesses to work together under the umbrella of Fiverr. This is an online forum proposing tasks and services, beginning at a cost of $5 per job performed. There are three million services enlisted on Fiverr ranging from $5 and $500. This is a worldwide forum.
Invented By: Shai Wininger and Micha Kaufman
Year Invented: it was established in 2009
Fiverr enables the ordering and obtaining of “Gigs” or micro-jobs online. Freelancers have different titles of their gigs as per their services offered. There different categories of services. Fiverr is a best place for small businesses.
Upwork is a merger of Elance and oDesk.There are twelve million registered freelancers and five million registered clients on Upwork. Upwork permits clients to interview, hire and work with freelancers and agencies through their provided platform. This is a trustable platform for workers. This platform is a reliable forum for freelancers and entrepreneurs.
Upwork is one of the leading freelancing forums where entrepreneurs and freelancers meet and collaborate remotely. It was formerly oDesk and unification with Elance now officially known as Upwork.
The big merger of two freelancer companies were publicized on December 18, 2013 and two big names of Elance and oDesk were rebranded as Upwork in 2015. Presently this freelancing forum has twelve million registered freelancers and five million registered clients.
The company started a relocation process of freelancers, it migrated Elance.com members and functionalities over to the fresh stage, which was established on the methodological arrangement of oDesk.com. Presently three million jobs are announced on Upwork annually, worth a total of $1 billion USD. This huge investment and involvement of businesses is making it the world’s prevalent freelance talent platform.
Upwork is a universal freelancing forum where businesses and freelance specialists meets and team up remotely. Upwork has millions of people who work there. It is situated in Mountain View and San Francisco, California.
Founder / CEO: Stratis Karamanlakis
Year Lunch: In 2015, Upwork formerly Elance-oDesk
Freelancer is one of the outsourcing websites and is worldwide crowdsourcing souk website. This platform permits budding businesses to post jobs and freelancers can bid to on the project t acquire work.
Invented By: Robert Matthew “Matt” Barrie established this forum
Year Invented: Founded in 2009
Freelancer is a recognized and well liked forum for entrepreneurs and freelancers. This forum enables people to meet employers and employees at the same place. Freelancer earns a 10% fee, which can be concentrated with paid monthly membership, with a minimum fee of $5. This website allows new users to enter in business by signing up on it.
Invented By: Jordan Walke
Year Invented: 2011
Structured information is exchanged by the SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) which is a protocol specification in the implementation of web services in computer networks. It has some purposes such as to induce extensibility, neutrality and independence.
You can use it in XML Information Set for its message format, and relies on application layer protocols, most often Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) or Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), for message negotiation and transmission.
Invented By: it was designed in 1998
Year Invented: Dave Winer, Don Box, Bob Atkinson, and Mohsen Al-Ghosein
SOAP explains the definition of the XML-based message format that Web service-enabled applications use to interconnect and inter-operate with each other over the Web. The particular application supports the common data encoding protocol and message format.
Shopify is an e-commerce company. Shopify is a leading software developer in the world and based in Canada. It develops computer software for online stores and retail point-of-sale systems.
Invented By: Tobias Lütke and Daniel Weinand are founders
Year Invented: Shopify was founded in 2004
An API platform and App Store were launched by Shopify in June 2009.The API permits originators or developers to generate applications for Shopify. Developers can develop online stores and then they can sell them on the Shopify App Store. Different companies have established apps that incorporate with the Shopify platform. They have a free mobile app as well.
Django is an elevated Python Web framework that inspires speedy expansion and uncontaminated, practical design. This is an accepted framework and fabricated by experienced developers. It can take more care because the procedure of web development is so bothering. So, you have to focus on writing your app without requiring to reinvent the wheel.
Invented By: Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison
Year Invented: started in 2003 but it was released publicly under a BSD license in July 2005
You have an option to take web applications from concept to launch in a matter of hours. It is a framework which is free and open source. It is designed on top of Python and supports data-driven architecture.
Behance is a place to join, inspire, and get hired. You can display your work or portfolio to connect with other people. Behance is basically belongs to artists to display their work. You can get artistic opinion, message, feedback or other creative, and even find your next job. And with the Creative Cloud, all Adobe users have free access to Behance.
Invented By: An Entrepreneur, Financier and Enthusiast Scott Belsky is the inventor of Behance
Year Invented: November 6, 2005
Behance is retained by Adobe and this is a place where you can display your digital portfolio.
Laravel is open-source PHP web framework designed Laravel. His intention was to develop the web applications following the model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern. There are some features of Laravel such as modular packaging system with a dedicated dependency manager, different ways for accessing relational databases, utilities that aid in application deployment and maintenance, and its orientation toward syntactic sugar.
Invented By: it was created by Taylor Otwell
Year Invented: it was launched in June 9, 2011
The identification of the Laravel is because of lots of resources such as cool router, eloquent for model repositories, swift mailer for the mailing, blade engine for your templates.
Invented By: This framework was shaped by Yehuda Katz
Year Invented: it was created In December 2011
BackboneJS is a small assortment of mechanisms which you can use to help in organizing your code. BackboneJS will be effectual if you are looking for an improved design with less code. BackboneJS has impulsive server-side aptitudes. It proposes MVC structure which extracts data into models, DOM into views and impasses these two using events.
Invented By: it was created Jeremy Ashkenas
Year Invented: it was released on October 13th, 2010
Invented By: Ryan Dahl
Year Invented: 2009
O’Reilly media is an American media company established by Tim O’Reill that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
It is a technical writing and consulting company started in 1978 for technology books, online services, research, magazines, and teaching conferences. In 1984, O’Reilly created a specially manuals for UNIX vendors and also introduced numerous digital photography to desktop applications along with software engineering for editorial approach.
O’Reilly published the bestseller copy the whole internet user’s guide and catalog and the Global Network Navigator was the first web portal available.Currently, O’Reilly offers and presents technology information in a variety of format for the facility of the users.
The auditors, authors and developers of the O’Reilly have become active members of the technical communities work for our books and websites.He published books of computer technologies for administrators, developers, programmers and users. The most famous and bestselling books names are “Missing Manuals”, Hacks and Head First and animal books.
Ruby and Rails is known as Rails and an open source web application framework which optimized for programmer to write beautiful code in Ruby and emphasizes the use of software engineering patterns and paradigms by favoring convention over configuration.
To organize application programming Ruby and Rails are using model view controller (MVC). David Heinemeir Hansson was created Rails in 2003 and since been extended by the Rails expert core team and more than 34,000 contributors.
The community of Ruby on Rails consist of nice and experience people and they are ready to help others learners. To learn Ruby and Rails everything is available at website including books, tutorials, manuals and lots of open source examples. Ruby and Rails 4 is used to build killer web applications for more advanced materials “Jose Valim” is a core member of the community has written Crafting Rails 4 Applications.
Invented By: David Heinemeier Hansson
Year Invented: 13 December 2005
ColdFusion is becoming very familiar platform for building advanced web applications and sophisticated set of products for serving pages to users and also designed to be expressive and powerful by performing programming codes and tasks at higher lever comparatively to others languages.
ColdFusion invented by Jeremy Allair and JJ Allaire in 1995. It provides integration with web applications functionality such as databases access, PDF and MS Exchange access etc. It is user friendly and has full access to Java and Tomcat and (ColdFusion Mark-up Language) in which effective programs are written.
It is a great and faster development experience than Java language. The extensions of ColdFusion are ‘.cfc’ for objects and ‘.cfm’ for pages. In 2011, it merged with Macromedia in which a user enters a zip code on a web page and finds out the nearest movie theaters in the result of HTML form. The current version Adobe ColdFusion 11 released on 2014-April-29.
Google Search is a web search engine, which is Google’s core product. It receives over 3 billion search queries per day. Google also offers regional search by its 189 regional level domains.
Mostly people are familiar with search engine quality of Google but it is not restricted to that feature. There are numerous products and services of Google are used by billions of user’s. Google is a perfect search engine to explore all kinds of information available in the world and understands exactly what you mean and gives you back exactly what you want.
Web search include billions of web pages, Add a search box to your browser via toolbar, Access your bookmarks and starred items, get help on a wide range of topics from experts over live video with helpouts, view maps, your location and get directions on your phone, get email, docs, storage and more, customized for your business with Google application for work.
Explore the world from your computer by clicking on earth map option, explore past and present search trends, Search scholarly papers. Make your phone your wallet, Instantly translate text, web pages, and files between over 50 languages, Create websites and secure group wikis, Visualize, combine, host, and share your data tables in the same way Developer tools, APIs and resources and many more.
FaceBook Graph API is named after the idea of a ‘social graph’. The main objective of Graph API is to receive and send data of Facebook social graph. It is used to query data, post new stories, upload photos and videos as well as delete them considering the users choice along with multiple tasks development based on HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol).
Open Graph helps to define new objects and its action in the social Graph via applications to design new instances of those actions and objects with Graph API.
The Graph API has many versions which guide what has changed and how to upgrade from older versions and for further enhancement. Each version contains a set of core fields and edge operations and those basic applications cannot be altered in that version for at least 2 years with guarantee. The Graph API requires the use of access token which applications of the users generate by applying Facebook Login.The easiest and simple way to learn and understand the Graph API go with Graph API Explorer a specific tool to query, add, and remove data at your fingertips.
Available FaceBook API SDK version
Magento is an outstanding eCommerce platform build on open source content management technology to avail the online merchants keeping in view the unique flexibility and control over the look, original content and functionality of their online electronic store.
It was developed by Varien Inc, US private company headquartered in Los Angles and published the first general released of the software on March 31, 2008, with the name of “Bento”.
It gives merchants to create dynamic and powerful sites according to their business needs and requirements as Magento interface has advanced features of marketing, SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and catalog-management techniques. Magento is a bespoke solutions for the customers and develop internationalisms with low risk to innovate and high ROI (Return on Investment) for customers. The Magento can easily download under the open source OSL 3.x license.
Ping Stands for “Packet Internet Groper”, ping is a power used to confirm whether a system information package is effective at being spread without problems to an address.It is a test to see if a system on the Internet is working.
The ping application is often used to test for system problems. It tests and also records the response time from the server.
To ensure that your computer do not get disconnect form the network and ping can be used to trace out that your computer is still connect or disconnect which shows the result of ping. Many shareware programs are available to perform ping functions for the users.
Archie is a program which allows a user to find for files accessible on one or more FTP (File Transfer Protocol) servers.
Archie was compiled by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal Canada and is recognized as to become the initial SE and launched on September 10, 1990.
While Archie is rarely used today, some websites still offer an Archie search feature. You can often identify an Archie search engine by a URL that begins with “archie” rather than “www.” Most Archie search engines allow you to search for filenames based on either substrings or exact matches. The user can use boolean operators such as AND and OR to search for multiple filenames at once.
Alternately known as high speed Web or wideband transmission, broadband (bb) describes telecommunications that offer a number of stations of information over just one conversation method (cable).
Nowadays, certainly wide selections are of broadband systems for sale in many places, under is just a short-listing of some of businesses and these providers that offer it. In the context of Internet access, broadband is used to mean any high-speed Internet access that is always on and faster than traditional dial-up access.
Configuration means completing steps completed whenever a software package is mounted before a course is run or actions which are done. An in-use icon indicates that you can modify the computer configuration, but you cannot delete it until the configuration is no longer in use by a capacity model.
If you modify a configuration that is in-use by a capacity model, the hardware configuration change you make is applied to the corresponding item used in the capacity model. For Example, several applications possess a configuration file that support setup a course or initialize equipment and the necessary application required for it to operate.
Stands for “Cathode-Ray Tube”, CRT the electron beams inside a check that move across your display either connected or non-connected striking phosphor dost inside glass tube. It’s a kind of computer display or monitor, screen and old technology. Now days they are not in use. They consume more electricity and expensive than liquid crystal display on the basis of colors quality.
Cathode rays were discovered by Johann Hittorf in 1869 in primitive Crookes tubes. He observed that some unknown rays were emitted from the cathode (negative electrode) which could cast shadows on the glowing wall of the tube, indicating the rays were traveling in straight lines.
Domain suffix were initially created in the Information Sciences Institute (ISI) started by Keith Uncapher. Web domain suffixes are what help determine domains on the web.
Each country also has a unique domain suffix that is meant to be used for websites within the country. For example, Brazilian websites may use the “.br” domain suffix, Chinese websites may use the “.cn” suffix, and Australian websites may use the “.au” suffix.
These country-based TLDs, sometimes referred to as “country codes,” are also used to specify different versions of an international website. For example, the German home page for Google is “www.google.de” instead of “www.google.com.” Each domain suffix is unique and identifiable the internet.
Domain suffix also describes the kind of website which is present the domain name suffix. For example “.com” stands for commercial and “.org” for all organizations.
Flaming is the act of posting or sending offensive messages over the Internet. It can be criticism or an argumentative published in a newsgroup, community, or email message that’s submitted reaction to communication or another posting. If they’re not giving constructive criticism the individual performing the flaming is usually known as a flamer and may be looked down upon locally.
Hit means is a request made to a Web server. Sites that record each of their site visits can evaluate past information use information to create value for Internet marketing, identify unusual traffic behavior, find what their guests benefit from the many, and to anticipate future traffic.
It’s very important to realize that there may be popular the hosts masses, not its unique visits, called page views.
Hits are useful when evaluating the requirements of your server, depending on the number and size of files which need to be transferred for one request. Servers should be tested to make sure they meet throughput targets (i.e., they should be capable of processing a certain number of “hits” per second).
It is a network where millions of computers are attached to each other to perform multiple talks. The IPTO initially produced the Net using the purpose of helping create the improvement of processing technology by connecting the job being performed by best wishes educational computer facilities. The Web today once we understand it sent its first information on Friday, October 29, 1969 and started being created within the late 1960’s. In 1993, the Web experienced among its biggest stones to today and date is obtainable by people all around the world. Many people think the Internet and the World Wide Web are the same thing. They’re not! The World Wide Web is what you are browsing right now.
A link is a connection between two devices, when referring to communications. Or in a file system or data direction, a link refers to the ability of sharing or seeing information that is shared.
Instead known as cyber ethics, netiquette is just a phrase applied to explain the unwritten rules of Internet courtesy. Communicating with others via the Internet without creating misunderstandings in the heat of the moment can be challenging, mainly because facial expressions and body language cannot be interpreted on the cyberspace.