Tag Archives: Software


Cocos2d is famous software which is an open source software framework. You can use to build games, apps and other cross platform GUI based interactive programs. Cocos2d comprises on many branches with the best identified being Cocos2d-objc, Cocos2d-x, Cocos2d-html5 and Cocos2d-XNA. It has some independent editors in the cocos2d community, including those contributing in the areas of SpriteSheet editing, particle editing, font editing and Tilemap editing and world editors including SpriteBuilder and CocoStudio as well.

Invented by:Ricardo Quesada
Year Invented:In June 25, 2008

You can use all versions of Cocos2d work which are used the basic primitive known as a sprite. A sprite may be assumed of a simple 2D image, but may also be a container for other sprites. In Cocos2D, you can arrange the sprites together to form a scene, like a game level or a menu.

URL: www.cocos2d-x.org/


OpenVPN open source software application called OpenVPN. It can implement virtual private network (VPN) techniques for creating secure point-to-point or site-to-site connections in routed or bridged configurations and remote access facilities. There is a custom security protocol which is used by it. It utilizes SSL/TLS for key exchange.

Invented by: OpenVPN project / OpenVPN Technologies, Inc.
Year Invented: In 13 May 2001

This program is written by James Yonan and is published under the GNU General Public License (GPL). You can use pre-shared secret key, certificates or username/password by the help of OpenVPN. It makes use OpenSSL encryption library extensively and the SSLv3/TLSv1 protocol as well.



There is an abstract computing machine which is called Java virtual machine. That enables a computer to run a Java program. JVM possesses three notions such as specification, implementation, and instance. The specification is a document that formally describes what is necessary of a JVM employment.

This specification ignores the execution details which are not important to ensure interoperability: The memory layout of run-time data areas, the garbage-collection algorithm used, and any interior optimization of the Java near mechanism directives (their translation into machine code).


Moodle is software that is free and open-source software learning management system. It is written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License. It is developed on pedagogical principles so that’s why Moodle is used for blended learning, detachment education, flicked classroom and other e-learning projects in schools, universities, workplaces and other sectors.

Invented By: Martin Dougiamas
Year Invented: December 5, 2016

The first version of Moodle was released on 20 August 2002. The Moodle Project is led and coordinated by Moodle HQ, an Australian company of 30 developers which is economically maintained by a network of eighty four Moodle Partner service companies worldwide. Moodle’s expansion has also been assisted by the work of open-source


Catalysis is software which is the increase in the rate of a chemical response due to the contribution of an additional substance that is called a catalyst. In most cases, reactions befall earlier with a catalyst because they require less activation energy. Additionally, they are not expended in the catalyzed reaction; catalysts can continue to act repeatedly.

There is a lower activation in the Catalyzed reactions. There is energy (rate-limiting free energy of activation) than the corresponding unanalyzed reaction that is a result of a higher reaction rate at the same temperature and for the same reactant concentrations. But the detailed mechanics of catalysis is multifaceted.


There is software which is an open source software project which is called Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools (BIRT). It provides reporting and business intelligence capabilities for rich client and web applications, especially those which are based on Java and Java EE. BIRT is a top-level software project within the Eclipse Foundation. It is an independent but not-for-profit grouping of software industry sellers and an open source community.

Invented By: Eclipse Foundation
Year Invented: June 22, 2016

There are two main components in BIRT including a visual report designer within the Eclipse IDE for creating BIRT Reports, and a runtime component for generating reports that can be deployed to any Java environment.


TortoiseSVN is software which is a Subversion client. It is implemented as Microsoft Windows shell extensions that provide help programmers. It can manage diverse versions of the source code for their programs. Software released under the GNU General Public License.

Invented By: Tim Kemp
Year Invented: 2002

TortoiseSVN may be combined into Microsoft Visual Studio by using a third-party plugin includes VsTortoise. There is a third-party repository monitoring application which uses the TortoiseSVN. It was named SVN-Monitor, then evolved into Vercue in 2011.TortoiseSVN 1.9 requires at least Windows Vista or later. It won’t run on Windows XP anymore.


Panda3D is software that is open source software. It is launched of May 28, 2008. It is free software under the revised BSD license. It was not the free software from the releasing date of the program because of certain errors.

Invented By: Disney Interactive until 2010
Year Invented: 2002

There are some users of Panda3D such as the developers of several large commercial games, a few open source projects, and a number of university courses that leverage Panda3D’s short learning curve.

URL: https://www.panda3d.org/


ZBrush is an ordinal sculpting tool. ZBrush combines 3D/2.5D demonstrating, texturing and painting. You can use it as a proprietary “pixol” technology which stores lighting, color, material, and depth information for all objects on the screen. There is a main difference between ZBrush and more traditional modeling packages which is more akin to sculpting.

Invented By: Pixologic
Year Invented: 1999

You may also be exported as a displacement map. Whether that case the lower poly version generally needs more resolution. When it is completed, then 3D model can be expected to the background, becoming a 2.5D image (upon which further effects can be applied).


Haxe is computer software which is a high-level, cross-platform, multi-paradigm programming language and compiler. It can produce applications and source code. It can work for many different computing platforms, from one code-base. It is free and open-source software which is distributed under the GNU General Public License (GPL) 2.0, and it is the standard library under an MIT License.

Invented By: Multi-paradigm
Year Invented: 2005

Haxe is very in common with ActionScript 3. The Haxe compiler is software which is developed in the OCaml language. There is no knowledge of OCaml which is needed to develop applications using Haxe.


Railo Server is software which is commonly referred to as Railo. It is open source software which tools the general-purpose CFML server-side scripting language, often used to create dynamic websites, web applications and intranet systems.

Invented By: Railo Technologies
Year Invented: April 2006

Swiss company has developed the Railo. The Railo Technologies GmbH has intended as a high performance alternative to Adobe ColdFusion. In 2008, Railo converted to an open source community-driven model, and it has become a JBoss project. The Railo Open Source project is developed by Railo Technologies.


Elgg is used by the networking software because it is an open source social networking software that can provide the individuals and organizations with the components needed to create an online social environment. You can use it for blogging, micro blogging, file sharing, networking, groups and a number of other features. It is considered the first program to take ideas from commercial social networking platforms to educational software.

Invented By: The Elgg Foundation and the open source community
Year Invented: December 27, 2016

Elgg is a first stand to bring ideas found in commercial social networking platforms to education. It was developed by Ben Werdmuller and Dave Tosh. This program is based contented papers they has written over the previous year.


Box2D is software which is itself written in platform-independent C++ (usable son any system with a C++ compiler available). You can compile the engine in fixed point and floating point modes, and it has been used on the Nintendo DS, Wii, and several mobile phones.

Invented By: Erin Catto
Year Invented: September 11, 2007

There is a free open source 2-dimensional physics simulator engine which is called Box2D. It is written in C++ by Erin Catto and published under the zlib license. It can be used in Crayon Physics Deluxes, Limbo, Rolando, Incredibots, Angry Birds, Tiny Wings, Transformice, and Happy Wheels. There are many online Flash games as well as iPhone, iPad and Android games using the Cocos2d or Moscrif game engine and Corona framework.

URL: https://www.box2d.org


There is a company which is called Aptana, Inc.That creates web application development tools for Web 2.0 and Ajax for use with a variety of programming languages (such as JavaScript, Ruby, PHP and Python). Aptana has some main products include Aptana Studio, Aptana Cloud and Aptana Jaxer.

Invented By: Aptana Inc
Year Invented: November 19, 2014

IDE is the abbreviation of integrated development environment. Actually the Aptana Studio is an open source which is integrated development environment (IDE) for building web applications. It can provide support JavaScript, HTML, DOM and CSS with code-completion, outlining, JavaScript debugging, error and warning notifications and integrated documentation. Moreover, it can favor Ruby on Rails, PHP, Python, Perl, Adobe AIR, Apple iPhone and Nokia WRT (Web Runtime).


An application, Google Authenticator that implements two-step verification services using the Time-based One-time Password Algorithm (TOTP) and HMAC-based One-time Password Algorithm (HOTP), for authenticating users of mobile applications by Google. The service implements algorithms specified in RFC 6238 and RFC 4226.

Usually, a user installs the Authenticator app on a smartphone. To log in to a site or service that uses two-factor authentication, the user provides user name and password to the site and runs the Authenticator app.


AIR apps can be augmented in functionality with the usage of AIR Native Extensions (ANEs). Native extensions are plug-in code libraries that contain native code wrapped with an ActionScript API, letting developers to access native features not otherwise usable in AIR, such as Apple Game Center or Google Cloud Messaging.

Native extensions may be developed by anyone using in public available tools; some are distributed for free or even as open source, while others are sold commercially.

Native extensions may be programmed in the native language on each platform, allowing access to the full set of platform APIs provided by the developer. (C++ for Windows, Java for Android, Objective-C for iOS).


A directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks stated as Active Directory (AD). It is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. Initially, Active Directory was only in charge of centralized domain management.

Active Directory checks the submitted password and determines whether the user is a system administrator or normal user.

Active Directory” became the umbrella title of a broader range of directory-based services. According to Bryon Hynes, everything related to identity was brought under Active Directory’s banner.


Skype (/ˈskaɪp/) is an instantaneous messaging app that provides online text message and video chat services. Users may convey both text and video messages and may exchange digital documents such as images, text, and video. Skype allows video conference calls. A freemium model operate Skype. Far of the service is free, but Skype Credit or a subscription is required to call a landline or a mobile phone number.

Invented By: Priit Kasesalu and Jaan Tallinn
Year Invented: 29 August 2003

Skype allows users to link over the Internet by voice using a microphone, by video using a webcam, and by instant messaging.


Microsoft Visual Studio is called an integrated development environment (IDE) commencing Microsoft. It is cast-off to progress computer programs aimed for Microsoft Windows, along with web sites, web apps, web services and mobile apps. Visual Studio usages Microsoft software development podiums such as Windows API, Windows Forms, Windows Presentation Foundation, Windows Store and Microsoft Silverlight.

Invented By: Microsoft
Year Invented: March 7, 2017

Visual Studio backings dissimilar programming languages and permits the code corrector and debugger to provision, closely any programming language, providing a language-specific service subsist. Provision for programming languages auxiliary by consuming a detailed VSPackage termed a Language Service. A language service describes numerous interfaces, which the VSPackage application can contrivance to augment provision for numerous functionalities.


OpenSSL is a software archive that used in applications, which are essential to protected infrastructures above computer systems in contradiction of snooping or prerequisite to determine the individuality of the party at the other termination. It has originate extensive usage in internet web servers, helping a mainstream of all web sites.

Invented By: The OpenSSL Project
Year Invented: August 4, 2016

OpenSSL comprehends an open-source execution of the SSL and TLS conventions. The main library, transcribed in the C programming language, riggings elementary cryptographic roles and delivers numerous usefulness functions. Wrappers permitting the usage of the OpenSSL library in a variability of computer languages are accessible.


VirtualBox is an overall-purpose complete virtualizer for the x86 hardware, embattled at server, desktop and entrenched usage. In the deficiency of hardware-abetted virtualization, VirtualBox espouses a customary software-founded virtualization method. This method backings 32-bit guest OSs that route in rings zero and three of the Intel ring style.

Invented By: Innotek GmbH
Year Invented: 15 January 2007

VirtualBox may be mounted based on a number of host operating systems, comprising: Linux, OS X, Windows, Solaris, and OpenSolaris. Here are also harbors to FreeBSD and Genode. It backings the manufacture and administration of guest virtual machineries consecutively varieties and sources of Windows, Linux, BSD, OS/2, Solaris, Haiku, OSx86 and others, and partial virtualization of OS X guests on above the Apple hardware.


Red Hat JBoss Middleware, which is a collection of originality-class application and incorporation middleware software goods distributed by Red Hat, Inc. End users to create applications; integrate applications, data, and devices; and mechanize business procedures use these kinds of software goods. Red Hat JBoss Middleware practices an open source expansion prototypical.

Invented By: Marc Fleury started the JBoss project
Year Invented: 2004

Open source enterprise Java application server, Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Podium, Red Hat JBoss Middleware is a collection of frivolous, cloud-responsive enterprise-class goods that entirely buttressed by Red Hat, Inc. The middleware collection for such an open hybrid cloud situation empowers IT organizations to fast-track application expansion, positioning and enactment, assimilate frequent applications, data and devices, and industrialize business progressions transversely heterogeneous atmospheres comprising corporeal, simulated, and mobile and cloud.


American cosmopolitan software company that provides open-source software goods to the particular enterprise municipal so-called Red Hat Inc. In 1993, this multinational company has its commercial headquarters in Raleigh North Carolina along with the satellite offices around the world.

Invented By: Bob Young, Marc Ewing
Year Invented: 1993

Red Hat has accompanying largely with its originality operating system Red Hat Initiative Linux and with the attainment of open-source enterprise middleware wholesaler JBoss. Red Hat also bargains Red Hat Virtualization (RHV), which is an enterprise virtualization invention.


Atom is an open-source free text. It uses the source code editor for macOS, Linux, and Microsoft Windows with support for plug-ins which is written in Node.js, and embedded Git Control, developed by GitHub. Atom is a desktop application which is built using web technologies.

Invented By: GitHub Inc.
Year Invented: February 26, 2014

There are many extending packages which have free software licenses and they are community-built and maintained. Atom has basis of Electron (formerly known as Atom Shell), which is a framework that enables cross-platform desktop applications using Chromium and Node.js. It is designed in CoffeeScript and Less.


A Decompiler is a computer program which can takes a workable file as input. Moreover, it labors to create a high level source file that can be recompiled successfully. It is an opposite of a compiler which takes a source file and makes an executable. Decompilers are capable to reconstruct the original source code, and as such, will frequently produce obfuscated code.

When the term decompiler is applied to a program then it can translates executable programs (the output from a compiler) into source code in a (relatively) high level language. When compiled, it will produce an executable whose behavior is the same as the original executable program.


WampServer is software which is stack for the Microsoft Windows operating system. It is created by Romain Bourdon. It is consisting of the Apache web server, OpenSSL for SSL support, MySQL database and PHP programming language.


Invented By: Romain Bourdon
Year Invented: November 19, 2014

WampServer refers to a software stack which is for the Microsoft Windows operating system. It is created by Romain Bourdon and consisting of the Apache web server, OpenSSL for SSL support, MySQL database and PHP programming language.


MAMP is a solution stack which is composed of free and open-source. It is a proprietary commercial software used together to run dynamic web sites on Windows and Apple Macintosh computers.Apache was integrated into Mac OS X Though originally only. MAMP is a popular program because it is free and because of the ubiquity of its components, and Mac OS X 10.5 and above ships with PHP it is MySQL-ready. If it is used in combination it is supported application servers.

Though originally only Apache was integrated into Mac OS X, MAMP has become popular because it is free and because of the ubiquity of its components, and Mac OS X 10.5 and above ships with PHP and is MySQL-ready. When used in combination it supports application servers. MAMP may also be used with popular CMS programs like Drupal for setting up a local development environment.


XAMPP is a free and open source cross-platform web server solution stack package which is developed by Apache Friends. It is comprised mainly on the Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB database. It can interpreter for scripts written in the PHP and Perl programming languages.

Invented By: Apache Friends
Year Invented: May 22, 2002

Most of the professional designers use the XAMPP’s for the development tool. XAMPP’s allows the designers programmers to test their work on their own computers without any access to the Internet. This program is as easy as possible. There is ability in XAMPP to serve web pages on the World Wide Web.A special tool is provided to password-protect the most important parts of the package.


TextMate have some features which allow users to create their own randomly complex syntax highlighting modes by using a modified version of the Apple ASCII property list format to define language grammars. There are some rules allowed by to be grammars. Rules are defined using the Oniguruma regular expression library, and then assigned specific “scopes”: compound labels which identify them for coloration.

Invented By: Allan Odgaard (MacroMates), Ciarán Walsh
Year Invented: 5 October 2004

There is a general purpose of Textmate which is GUI text editor for Mac OS X. it is created by the Allan Odgaard. TextMate are some features those are declarative customizations, tabs for open documents, recordable macros, folding sections, snippets, shell integration, and an extensible bundle system.


Sublime Text is a proprietary cross-platform source code editor. It is with a Python application programming interface (API). There are many programs which are supported by it. It supports many programming languages and markup languages, and its functionality can be extended by users with plugins, typically community-built and maintained under free-software licenses.

Invented By: Jon Skinner
Year Invented: 18 January 2008

There are several features which allow the users to select entire columns at once or place more than one cursor in text, which allows for simultaneous editing. Its movement is commanded by the characters move by line, text selection, move by words, move by subwords (CamelCase, hyphen or underscore delimited), move to beginning/end of line etc.

URL: https://www.sublimetext.com


Atom is an open-source free text. It uses the source code editor for macOS, Linux, and Microsoft Windows with support for plug-ins which is written in Node.js, and embedded Git Control, developed by GitHub. Atom is a desktop application which is built using web technologies.

Invented By: GitHub Inc.
Year Invented: February 26, 2014

There are many extending packages which have free software licenses and they are community-built and maintained. Atom has basis of Electron (formerly known as Atom Shell), which is a framework that enables cross-platform desktop applications using Chromium and Node.js. It is designed in CoffeeScript and Less.


There is a central component which is called as MySQL. This is related to the LAMP open-source web application software stack (and other “AMP” stacks). LAMP is a shortening word for “Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python”. There are Applications those use the MySQL database include: TYPO3, MODx, Joomla, WordPress, phpBB, MyBB, and Drupal.

Invented By: MySQL AB
Year Invented: 23 May 1995

There is dual licensing distribution used by the MySQL server software itself and the client libraries. They offer under GPL version 2, beginning from 28 June 2000 (which in 2009 has been extended with a FLOSS License Exception) for the use of proprietary license.


There is a MySQL relational database management system intended to remain free under the GNU GPL under the community-developed fork of MariaDB. This development is because of the original developers of MySQL. They have divided it because of the concerns over its acquisition by Oracle Corporation.

Invented By: MariaDB Corporation Ab, MariaDB Foundation
Year Invented: 22 January 2009


MariaDB anticipates preserving high compatibility with MySQL. It ensures a “drop-in” emergency capability with library binary equivalency and exact matching with MySQL APIs and commands. There is including an XtraDB storage engine for replacing InnoDB as well as a new storage engine, Aria. There are two purposes behind it such as transactional and non-transactional engine perhaps even encompassed in future versions of MySQL.

URL: https://golang.org


D3.js (or just D3 for Data-Driven Documents) is software which is a JavaScript library for producing dynamic, interactive data visualizations in web browsers. You can make use of the widely implemented SVG, HTML5, and CSS standards. It is the replacement to the earlier Protov is framework.

Invented By: ‎Mike Bostock‎, ‎Jeffrey Heer‎, Vadim
Year Invented: 18 February 2011

It is embedded within an HTML webpage. The JavaScript D3.js library can use the pre-built JavaScript functions to select elements. It can create SVG objects, style them, or add transitions, dynamic effects or tooltips to them. These objects may also be widely styled using CSS.

URL: https://www.d3js.org


The Adobe Extension Manager is a famous software program which can work seamlessly with well-suited programs to install, delete and search for free and paid allowances in the Adobe Exchange market. The Compatible Adobe product works with the running of extension manager.

The Adobe and the third party are the responsible for the development of the extension. They enable to add special effects, interface components, clip art libraries. Moreover, they perform the tasks related to maintenance other functions that are not native to a software product. The adobe extension manager is special software for working of seamlessly with likeminded programs to install, delete and search for free and paid extensions in the Adobe Exchange marketplace.


Adobe Captivate is most important software which is a rapid responsive authoring tool. That is used for creating eLearning content such as software demonstrations, software simulations, branched scenarios, and randomized quizzes in Small Web Formats and HTML5 formats.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: August 19, 2015

Adobe Captivate 9 (August 2015)
Adobe Captivate 8 (May 2014)
Adobe Captivate 7.0 (June 2013)
Adobe Captivate 6.0 (June 2012)
Adobe Captivate 5.5 (May 2011)
Adobe Captivate 5 (May 2010)
Adobe Captivate 4 (Jan 2009)
Adobe Captivate 3 (July 2007)
Adobe Captivate 2 (October 2006)
Macromedia Captivate (October 2004)

It can also transfigure Adobe Captivate-generated file arrangements (.swf) to digital MP4 (.mp4) formats. It would also be played with media players or uploaded to video hosting websites. For software replications, Captivate can use left or right mouse clicks, key presses and rollover images.

URL: https://www.adobe.com


Adobe Flash has a visual profiler called Adobe Scout content running on desktop or mobile podiums, and works together with Adobe Flash Player and Adobe AIR. Scout is enabling in-depth profiling of Action Script 3 code execution, 2D graphics and text rendering, and 3D graphics rendered through the Stage3D application programming interface (API).

Invented By:  Adobe Systems
Year Invented: January 2013

Adobe Scout is the moderate software which is the next-generation profiler for Flash content running on both the desktop (Flash Player) and on mobile devices (Adobe AIR). It provides the insight into the behavior of your Flash content that did not find in past.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe SpeedGrade, there is a color based application called Speed Grade that delivers layer-based color alteration and look design tools to ensure that digital video projects are visually reliable and beautifully compelling. Speed Grade is an app which can perform many tasks such as for editors, filmmakers, colorists and visual effects artists if anyone wants to take their creative work to the next level in a professional grading environment.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: September 1, 2003

Adobe Creative Suite (CS) is an important software suite for graphic design, video editing, and web development applications developed by Adobe Systems. There are several Adobe applications in each edition, e.g., Photoshop, Acrobat, Premiere Pro or After Effects, InDesign, and Illustrators are the industry standard applications for many graphic design positions.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe Prelude (successor to the now discontinued Adobe on Location) is a software or tool for multi things include Windows and Mac to review, import, log, select, and export tapeless media. The particular tool also make offer for features such as speech transcription and rough cut creation.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: 25 July 2012

Adobe Prelude is software which is called (successor to the now discontinued Adobe on Location). This software is a tool for Windows and Mac to review, import, log, select, and export tapeless media. There are many features which are offered by the software like speech transcription and rough cut creation.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe Fuse is an Computer graphic software developed by Mixamo is known as Adobe Fuse CC. This is 3D computer graphics software. Adobe Fuse facilitates consumers to create 3D characters. Its core innovation is the aptitude to ingress and assimilate user spawned content into the character creator.Fuse is accepted software by video game developers and 3D fanatics.

Invented By: Adobe Fuse CC (formerly Fuse Character Creator)

Year Invented: 27 March 2014

Adobe Fuse can be described as customized software as this is a customer based invention. It permits users to indicate and adapt character components such as body parts in real-time. Users can also modify their typescripts with clothing and texture options.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe InCopy a professional word processor made by Adobe Systems is known as Adobe InCopy. Adobe InCopy assimilates with Adobe InDesign. InDesign can be practiced to publish printed material such as newspapers and magazines. On the other hand InCopy can be used for broad word processing. This specific software empowers editors to write, edit, and design documents.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented:  in 2003

There are three viewing modes in InCopy. These are known as Story mode, galley mode and layout mode. The story mode enables reading and editing text. The galley mode exhibits text and similar line breakdowns seen in the layout mode.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Ubuntu is an operating system for personal computers and it is a Debian-based Linux operating system. This operating system can also be used in tablets and smartphones. It can run network server physical or virtual servers. That is with enterprise-class structures; runs on the most popular architectures, including server-class ARM-based.

Invented By: Mark Richard Shuttleworth

Year Invented: 20 October 2004

Ubuntu is an open source software platform it performs its functions by running from the cloud. It can be worked on personal computer, tablet or your smart phones. This is one of the most popular servers.


There are set of principles described by the agile software development. There are numbers of requirements and solutions which evolve through the collaborative effort of self-organizing cross-functional teams.

Invented By: Alistair Cockburn and Jim Highsmith

Year Invented: n 2005

There are many agile development methods which can break the product growth work into small increases that minimize the amount of up-front planning and design. There are short timeframes called iterations which are classically last from one to four weeks. There is a cross functional team with involvement of iterations which work in all purposes planning, analysis, design, coding, unit testing, and acceptance testing.


Adobe Muse which is a website builder. It allows designers to produce fixed, fluid, and adaptive websites without taking to inscribe any code Muse creates static websites giving users the freedom to host their sites with any hosting provider.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: May 7, 2012

Designers can create the adobe mouse inside Adobe Muse and shared as a muse file. Anyone can export the files to the browser for testing without needing to connect to a server or webhost. Subscribers can host their website in Business Catalyst. It is a free as part of the Creative Cloud subscription.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe Audition (formerly Cool Edit Pro) which is a digital audio workstation from Adobe Systems containing both multitask, non-destructive mix/edit environment and a destructive-approach waveform editing view.

Invented By: Adobe Systems formerly Cool Edit Pro

Year Invented: 18 August 2003

There are lots of new and enhanced features in many areas of the program of Adobe Audition, including prolonged core functionality and some impressive new special effects and controls. Adobe has purchased Cool Edit Pro from Syntrillium Software in May 2003 for $16.5 million. There is a large loop library called “Loopology”. Adobe has changed the name of Cool Edit Pro to “Adobe Audition.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe After Effects is software which is digital visual effects, motion graphics, and it is a compositing application developed by Adobe Systems and used in the post-production process of film making and television production. Among other things, you can use Effects can be used for keying, tracking, compositing and animation.

Invented By: created by the Company of Science and Art

Year Invented: January 1993

There is an extensive plug in support in after effects. There is available a broad range of third party plug INS. There is a variety of plug-in styles exist, such as particle systems for realistic effects for rain, snow, fire, etc. After affect can render 3D effects with or without third-party plug-ins, there are 2D layers from after effects.      

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe Director is one of the multimedia applications. It authorizes platform shaped by Macromedia. Presently it is accomplished by Adobe Systems.

Invented By: Adobe Systems Adobe Director (formerly Macromedia)

Year Invented: 12 / February 11, 2013


Macromedia Director 4 was released 1994
Macromedia Shockwave Director 4.0.1 was released 1995
Macromedia Director 5 was released 1996
Macromedia Director 6 was released 1997
Macromedia Director 6.5 was released 1998
Macromedia Director 7 was released November 16, 1998
Macromedia Director 8 was released 2000
Macromedia Director 8.5 was released 2001
Macromedia Director MX was released 2002
Macromedia Director MX 2004 was January 5, 2004
Adobe Director 11 was released March 25, 2008
Adobe Director 11.5 was released March 23, 2009
Adobe Director 11.5.8 was released September 6, 2010
Adobe Director 11.5.9 was released August 18, 2011
Adobe Director 12 was released February 11, 2013

Adobe Director Applications are originated on a timeline, which are analogous to Adobe Flash. The main purpose of Director is to support graphical primordial and playback controls for example video players, 3D content players, and Flash players. It provides backing to a graphical user interface framework with basic controls. It has a scripting language called Lingo, and plug-in applications. Director permits collaboration with external files and certain Windows APIs.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe Creative Cloud offers the service from adobe system. This is software which gives users contact to an assemblage of software developed by Adobe for graphic design, video editing, web development, photography, and cloud services. Services are delivered over the internet in creative cloud, monthly and annually.

Invented By: November 2, 2016

Year Invented: Adobe Systems

There are numbers of features in adobe creative cloud regarding the adobe creative suite. It introduces the new features. Its important feature is the immediate obtainability of upgrades, saving to the cloud, and easier sharing.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Proprietary data and media server from Adobe Systems is called Adobe Media Server (AMS). This serer is a multitask server which can work with the Flash Player runtime to create media driven, multiuser RIAs (Rich Internet Applications).

Invented By: Adobe Systems (formerly Macromedia)

Year Invented: November 19, 2015

Adobe Media Server is a hub to connect the real time messaging to protocol by the flash based application. The data is sent and received by the server to and from the connected users with live web FLV player installed. Remote procedure calls (RPC) are made by the connected clients. The server can provide the methods of call procedure to the specific clients.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Web designers can use the Adobe Flash Catalyst that is a new tool.  This tool helps users to contribute more fully in Flex application development. Designer can use application With Flash Catalyst; user interface architects can create the user interface for Adobe Flex (now Adobe Flash Builder 4) applications using Adobe graphics software. Rest of  the applications are used by the designer in Flex.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: April 12, 2011

The placeholders can be replaced to create the UIs to handle active data without having access to the actual data source. The final work is done by the placeholders at production time.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Digital asset management app is called Adobe Bridge. This app is developed by the adobe system. It is released with adobe creative suite. Adobe creative suite has a mandatory component that is an adobe bridge.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: April 4, 2005, February 8, 2016

You can use the adobe Bridge for organizing files by renaming a group of them at once, assigning colored labels or star ratings assigned to files from the respective Adobe software suite, edit embedded or associated XMP and IPTC Information Interchange Model metadata, or sort or categorize them based on their metadata.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


PowerBuilder is an assimilated advance environment owned by SAP since the procurement of Sybase in 2010. There was an agreement b between SAP and Appeon On July 5, 2016 as per this agreement Appeon would be liable for marketing, budding, and supporting PowerBuilder.

Invented By: it was developed by Powersoft

Year Invented: PowerBuilder was formerly developed in 1991

With the passage of time PowerBuilder has been restructured and reorganized with new canons.  A major upgrade was prepared in 2010, in PowerBuilder for backing up the Microsoft. NET Framework In 2014, support was added for OData, dockable windows, and 64-bit native applications.


Designing web pages program is called the adobe Dreamweaver. It is based on fundamentally a more fully featured HTML web and programming editor. Dreamweaver has a special position as a versatile web design and expansion tool that enables picturing of web content while coding. Dreamweaver can work like the other HTML editors, edits files locally then uploads them to the remote web server using FTP, SFTP, or WebDAV.

Invented By: Adobe Systems formerly Macromedia, Inc

Year Invented: in 1997

This platform offers a what-you-see-is-what-you-get (WYSIWYG) interface for users to generate and manage web pages in a more effective and manageable setting. Dreamweaver backings numerous markup languages containing HTML and Extensible Markup Language (XML), style sheet languages like Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), and programming languages.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


Adobe Connect (formerly Presedia Publishing System, Macromedia Breeze, and Adobe Acrobat Connect Pro) is a special type of software which is used to generate information and general presentations, online drilling materials, web conferencing, scholarship modules, and user desktop sharing.

Invented By: ‎Adobe Systems (formerly Macromedia)

Year Invented: Stable version were released ‎9 / 2012


Adobe Connect 9.0 (2012)
Adobe Connect 8.0 (November 2010)
Adobe Connect 7.5 (November 2009)
Adobe Connect 7.0 (May 2008)
Adobe Connect 6.0 (December 2006)

The particular program is developed by the startup which is called Presedia. It created the Presedia Reproducing System and such as a first generation PowerPoint-to-Flash Plugin, which became Adobe Presenter, and a training module.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


The desktop publishing software is called the Adobe InDesign. This application is produced by the adobe system. It can create many types of works such as posters, flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers, and books. Suitable content for tablet is also published by the InDesign with Adobe Digital Publishing Suite.

Invented By: Adobe Systems

Year Invented: spring of 1999

Graphic designers can creates different types of work such as creating and laying out periodical publications, posters, and print media. You can export EPUB and SWF formats to create e-books and digital publications, including digital magazines, and content appropriate for ingestion on tablet computers.

URL: http://www.adobe.com


AutoCAD is used for commercial aided design and drafting software application. It is developed and marketed by the Autodesk. It was used as a desktop app running on microcomputers with internal graphics controllers Prior to the introduction of AutoCAD, most commercial CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator (user) working at a separate graphics terminal.

Invented By: John Walker and 12 other programmers
Year Invented: December, 1982

Computer-aided design (CAD) program is called the AutoCAD used for 2-D and 3-D design and drafting. Autodesk Inc. develops the autoCAD. It is one of the first programs used for personal computers.


NetBeans is a platform which provides the software development written in java. Allocations are allowed by the Netbeans for development from a set of modular software components called modules. NetBeans platform is basis of applications including NetBeans integrated development environment (IDE), can be extended by third party developers.

Invented By: it was IDE student project under the guidance of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at Charles University in Prague.

Year Invented: NetBeans began in 1996

The NetBeans Platform is used for simplifying the development of Java Swing desktop applications. The NetBeans IDE bundle for Java SE comprises on needs to start developing NetBeans plugins and although NetBeans Platform based applications yet there is no additional SDK required.


Paint Shop Pro (PSP) is a raster and vector snap shots editor for Microsoft windows. It was initially posted by means of Jasc software program. In October 2004, Corel bought Jasc software program and the distribution rights to paint save seasoned. PSP capability can be prolonged by Photoshop-well suited plugins.

Invented By: Released by Robert Voit

Year Invented: in August 1990

Paint Shop Pro  gave support to layers as well as CMYK and HSL colour modes, involved JASC Animation Shop for generating simulations and in fact was marketed as “Paint Shop Pro 5.0 with Animation Shop. PSP functionality can be protracted by Photoshop-compatible plugins.


There are number of uses of Maya for creating interactive 3D applications. It can also be used in video games, animated film, TV series, or visual effects. Maya is a diligence prominent 3D animation software application developed by Autodesk. Maya helps the specialists who work with animated film and visual effects. This is one of the softwares which is being used in frequently in game development.

Invented By: Alias Systems Corporation

Year Invented: Maya 1.0 was released in February 1998.

Maya carries extraordinary character animation capabilities that facilitate human characters to be simulated with flesh tones, wrinkles and folds in clothing.


CorelDraw is an image-creating program in a suite of graphic arts software. The usage of CorelDraw is huge as certified artists, educators; students and people having interest in graphics can use it. There are number of uses of CorelDraw as can be used for vector illustrations and page layouts.

Invented By: Michel Bouillon and Pat Beirne

Year Invented: In 1987,

This is one of the preferred tools by the Ingenious professionals in print and online publicity they opt CorelDraw to generate and edit vector-based images and illustrations. It can be used to organize printing arrangements, logo designing and renovate photographs.

URL: http://www.coreldraw.com


3D animations, models, games and images can be made by using 3ds Max as this is a certified and professional 3D computer graphics program.  You can use it on the Microsoft Windows platform because it carries exhibiting aptitudes and it is flexible plugin architecture. This is darling program of video game developers.  Number of commercial studios and architectural visualization studios use this program as well.

Invented By: Gary Yost

Year Invented: the project was based in 1988 but there are many versions available which were introduced later.

It can be used in application development .The software is used in developing CG. There are different tools and plug existing in the software.


The Adobe System introduced Phonegap software to develop mobile applications.

It is not necessary that the developers must have knowledge of mobile programming language but they can work on with the help of web-development languages include CSS, HTML, Jscript etc.  This application can easily work on all mobile operating systems without any trouble.

URL: http://www.phonegap.com



PHP stands for “Personal Home Page” is a language developed by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994 and publicly released it.

The Hypertext Preprocessor is a host-side interpreted scripting language for developing powerful WebPages created and WebPages that effectively use databases and PHP code can be inserted into the HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) of a Web page. PHP pages are secure enough to access databases and other information considering the PHP codes are altered in HTML before the paged is loaded on the internet.

The objective of the language is to allow Web developers to write enthusiastically generated pages rapidly and easily. PHP has become dynamic language for creating database-driven Web sites because it has features of many other languages such as Java, C and Perl. Example Code is below:


<!DOCTYPE html>
<h1>My first PHP page</h1>
<?php echo “Hello World!”; ?>


URL: https://www.w3schools.com/php/


Xcode is a suitable integrated development environment for software development and enhancement tool designed by apple in 2003 for creating and building software for IOS and OS X.

The latest version of xcode 6 is available in the market with new features which makes programming a delightfully live experience. It was never been so easier to create outstanding games for IOS and OS X. The extension and framework of xcode which include collection of codes and resources and these can be used for several projects.


Xcode can easily exports and imports industry-standard with .XLIFF format. OS X server are helpful to create interesting testing scenarios as they have support of trigger to run and customize the scripts. Xcode has quick access to open any file of the project and allows the users with immediately completions offers for search.


Example Code is below
– (IBAction)showMessage
UIAlertView *helloWorldAlert = [[UIAlertView alloc]
initWithTitle:@”My First App” message:@”Hello, World!” delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@”OK” otherButtonTitles:nil];

// Display the Hello World Message
[helloWorldAlert show];


Microsoft offers the web development tools set is ASP.Net like visual studio.net and visual web developer allow to develop create vibrant websites with the help of visual interface. Intermediate Web programming course.

Combines ASP (Active Server Pages) and Visual Basic .NET programming to create dynamic data-driven Web applications. Covers Web programming concepts including advanced topics of ADO and implementing security in ASP.

ASP.NET enables you to make use of a full-featured programming language for example C# (pronounced C-Sharp) or VB.NET to construct web applications quickly.


Commercial software’s must be bought to be utilized. This software’s are not free like free software which are available on the internet. For Example, a person should buy Microsoft Windows XP to be able to use it.

The entire opposite of the professional software package could be freeware. Due to changes in the computer industry in the 1970s and 1980s, software slowly became a commercial good by itself. In 1969, IBM, under threat of antitrust litigation, led the industry change by starting to charge separately for (mainframe) software[5][6] and services, and ceasing to supply source code.[7] In 1983 binary software became copyrightable by the Apple vs. Franklin law decision


A function or an element replaced by new ones. When creating as it must be eliminated later on with no longer work. It works with present versions of computer programming language which do need any future functions updating.

While a deprecated software feature remains in the software, its use may raise warning messages recommending alternative practices; deprecated status may also indicate the feature will be removed in the future.

Features are deprecated rather than immediately removed, to provide backward compatibility and give programmers time to bring affected code into compliance with the new standard. For Example, the HTML tag is just a deprecated function and may be eliminated when attempting to alter the font-style in a web site.


Writing programming codes in a computer language. For example, transforming an analog noise right into a digital or transforming a page in to the binary code for that notice document.

An example of what your location is probably to experience development is what happens inside your browser.A lot of figures, every other character like a room should be secured to be understood the URL helps.

The type of code used for converting characters is known as American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII), the most commonly used encoding scheme for files that contain text. ASCII contains printable and nonprintable characters that represent uppercase and lowercase letters, symbols, punctuation marks and numbers. A unique number is assigned to some characters. 


A text database or a set database, a flat file is a document of information that will not include links to different documents or is just a low-relational database.

An example of the flat file is just a single-text-only record which has all of the information required for a course that’s usually divided by some type of delimiter.


The procedure of moving options or information utilized to a different in one system.

For Example, a person may transfer their email address book in to the latest version of Microsoft Outlook.


It includes the list of events, which have been “logged” by a computer. A log can be useful for keeping track of crisis restoration, computer use, and program development. Each software application that’s effective at creating a log has distinct procedures of stopping or starting the log creation.


A mouse is a hardware input device which was created by Douglas Engelbart in 1963 while operating at Xerox PARC, who at that time worked in the Stanford Research Institute that was a think tank backed by Stanford University.

It is also the most common input device which has normally two buttons.

The name comes from the small shape of the mouse, which you can move quickly back and forth on the mouse pad.


Paste is a systems and applications motion which allows a person to repeat or reduce text or an item in one location and transfer it into another area.

For Example, a person might replicate a link delivered to them with a friend in talk, email, or higher an IM and paste that link in to an internet browser to go to the web site.


It is the procedure for moving data to some drive or other recordable media and getting sound files from an audio CD.

Ripping is distinct from simple file copying in that the source audio or video often isn’t originally formatted for ease of use in a computer and file system.


First released test application, shareware or by Apogee is a software power, or program, sport, in complete or part, which allows a person to test it free before getting it.

When the person likes power, sport, or the application system, she or he might buy it and get the entire product.


A directory that’s situated within another directory is called subdirectory of that folder or directory.

A file beneath another file in a graphical interface (GUI). Therefore, all other folders are subdirectories of the root folder.

The stuffing of your computer’s is organized using subdirectories.


To create minor changes to some computer program, ading the system to do how or raising the pace of the system you want.

A tweak could be whether application or hardware tune.

It is a graphics and imaging standard that allows companies to make drivers for scanners and digital cameras and connect computers bases on twain.


A Windows sockets (Winsock) can be an application programming software (API) which allows for connection between Windows system application and community providers.

For example Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). Winsock is dependant on the Berkeley Unix sockets interface.

Tags: ,

A list of jobs that are waiting to be processed. An example of the queue is just a printer line .

These jobs could be saved in a queue to be published later if multiple people were to produce in the same time, since the printer can’t printing various copies in the same time.


It is abnormal end or unplanned termination of a computer software process. Abend error occurs when a computer does not identify the directed instructions which need to be executed by the system. Errors or crashes on the Novell netware network operating system are usually called ABENDs.
Communities of NetWare administrators have sprung up around the Internet, such as abend organizations.
For example it happens caused by memory divergence or some other unidentifiable malfunction. Abend error also familiar as blow up, bomb or with crash words in computer science world.


Process or a surgical procedure that copies information to an alternate place, it could be restored if erased or becomes therefore corrupted. Based on how the information changes, how useful it’s, and long it requires to copy decides how often there is a copy run. Back up is necessary to save the data and also a part of data protection and avoid from losses.


A compiler is just a language translator that functions claims created in a specific programming language and turns them into machine language or “signal” that the processor of a computer uses.

It compiles the whole program into machine language such 0 and 1. The document that’s produced includes what’re called the origin statements. The right language compiler then goes, indicating the title of the document which has the origin statements.

Moreover, Program faults caused by incorrect compiler behavior can be very difficult to track down and work around; therefore, compiler implementers invest significant effort to ensure compiler correctness.


It is the first screen the user see after boosting the computer is an interface and there are many icons are found on the desktop to execute the computer instructions by opening them.

The Microsoft Windows Desktop it has been incorporated with all types of Windows since that time and was initially launched with Microsoft Windows 95.

Prior to the widespread use of microprocessors, a computer that could fit on a desk was considered remarkably small; the type of computers most commonly used were minicomputers, which were themselves desk-sized. Early computers took up the space of a whole room. Minicomputers generally fit into one or a few refrigerator-sized racks.



EPS stands for “Encapsulated PostScript” EPS is file format relevant to graphic image which is used to move between applications and platforms.

A typical usage of EPS is to save an illustration created in a drawing program as an EPS file and to import it into a page layout program such as InDesign or QuarkXPress.The layout artist would place and resize the image, which would either be the embedded preview or rendered directly from the PostScript code.

They consist on postscript code and optional preview image in such as ESI, PICT TFF etc. Adobe illustrator has its own of EPS variation.


A file is just a place that stores computers running Microsoft Windows along with other files available on Apple Macintosh computers, multiple documents, along with other GUI systems. The second name of folder is directory.

Any kind of data is stored in folder it is like a box where you can keep things generally and use them when you need.


An index is a file called as index.htm, index.html, index.asp, or index.php and the Web or WebPages. The list file is first document loaded when opening a listing on the site.

Each index has its own calculation methodology and is usually expressed in terms of a change from a base value.


A logical error occurs when there is wrong logic is being followed by the program which is written in the source code.

Because the application to quit functioning will not be caused by a logic error, it can generate wrong data which could not be instantly identifiable. This error is difficult to locate due to wrong logic.


It includes any graphic representation that’s a mix of cartoon, movie, sound, or design. Media is generally an educational and more fun experience than text.

For example, a presentation involving audio and video clips would be considered a “multimedia presentation.” Educational software that involves animations, sound, and text is called “multimedia software.”


Pathname or route the place of a file or folder in a computer’s file system. Paths are also known as “directory paths” because they regularly consist of one or more directories that explain the path to the file or folder.


It is the top-level directory of a file system. The directories within the tree represent the branches, while the actual files are considered the leaves.

“Root” is also the name of the user who has administrative privileges on a UNIX or Linux server. It is also known as root directory. For example on windows based computer system “D:\” represents the root directory of the D drive.

The root user can access and folder and file on the hard disk as they have within their own directory which allows them to install the system software updates and performing like a administrator to alter the other settings of the privileges users.


A layer is software that is usually a command line program that allows the consumer to connect to the computer.

In general, operating system shells use either a command-line interface (CLI) or graphical user interface (GUI), depending on a computer’s role and particular operation.

For examples include moving files within the system folder and deleting files that are commonly locked. The catch is, you need to know the exact syntax when typing the commands and you may still be prompted for a password in order to perform administrative functions.

Shells are most commonly associated with Unix as many Unix users like to communicate with the operating system using the text-based interface.

Two common Unix shells are the Bourne shell and the C Shell, which is used by BSD.


A mistake of language caused by signal that will not comply with the format of the programming language, “format errors could be acknowledged at collection time”; “a typical syntax error would be to abandon a parenthesis” these errors occur when the programmer does not follow the grammatical rules of that programming language.


Undo is a function performed to change the action of a used action (Redo). “Control + Z” is command of undo. The Undo command can undo a wide variety of actions, depending on the needs and requirements of program.

For example, in a application software like MS Word, Undo is mostly used to delete a recently typed section of text.

Moreover, you can also undo a deletion, the pasting of an object, or a change made to the page formatting settings.

In an image editing program, you can undo a paintbrush stroke, a selection, the moving of an object, and many other actions. Modern operating systems allow you to undo moving and renaming files.


A wizard is a computer power made to simplify the delivery of complex or prolonged tasks. In a graphical interface (GUI), a wizard includes a series of selections by which the consumer navigates to be able to obtain a particular goal.

For example copying files and files from the hard disk drive to some CDR or CDRW.


It is also known as Microsoft office access which is available in almost every Microsoft office suite. Microsoft access is a great database program for operating system. Microsoft access stores huge data in systemized format according to user’s requirements such as designing unique forms and reports. Often software developers apply access to build up new applications software’s.
To create a richer, more efficient and maintainable finished product with good error handling, most professional Access applications are developed using the VBA programming language rather than macros, except where web deployment is a business requirement.

Invented By: Microsoft Corporation
Year Invented: Initial release November 1992; 24 years ago


It can be used with (VBA) Visual Basic for applications, Microsoft SQL server, Oracle database, ODBC and many more active components.


From the late 1960s onwards, interactive computing such as via text-based computer terminal interfaces (as in Unix shells or read-eval-print loops), and later graphical user interfaces became common.

Non-interactive computation, both one-off jobs such as compilation, and processing of multiple items in batches, became retrospectively referred to as batch processing, and the oxymoronic term batch job (in early use often “batch of jobs”) became common. Early use is particularly found at the University of Michigan, around the Michigan Terminal System (MTS); examples from 1968 and 1969.

Instead known as a set program, order processing is just a manner of running information that happen in one single big class rather than individually. Order processing is generally performed to help preserve system resources before being processed and permit for almost any adjustments. For Example, a banks may order process almost all their purchases once every time rather than running each transaction.


Constant or const can be a price that will not change in certain period of time, unlike a variable or a phrase applied to explain information. There are various specific realizations of the general notion of a constant, with subtle distinctions that are often overlooked.

The most significant are: compile-time (statically-valued) constants, run-time (dynamically-valued) constants, immutable objects, and constant types (const). For Example, in a PHP script whenever there is a constant described it’s going to stay the exact same through the software.const int speed = 10


It is known as “DTP” Paul Brainard at Aldus first developed desktop publishing after delivering and making the Aldus PageMaker software package for your Macintosh in 1985.

Desktop publishing may be the utilization of a PC to create documents for publication. This report is just a top quality record containing artwork and text prepared about the same page.

For Example, desktop publishing is required to produce printed material as guide addresses, brochure fliers etc. Desktop publishing combines a personal computer and WYSIWYG page layout software to create publication documents on a computer for either large scale publishing or small scale local multifunction peripheral output and distribution.

Desktop publishing methods provide more control over design, layout, and typography than word processing. However, word processing software has evolved to include some, though by no means all, capabilities previously available only with professional printing or desktop publishing.


Codenamed Journey developed Excel is a software package effective at enhancing and making spreadsheets which are preserved having a.xls file extension. For Example, having a spreadsheet you can develop your personal payroll, balance your check-book, arrange a lot of information in much more, and an easy-to read format.

From its first version Excel supported end user programming of macros (automation of repetitive tasks) and user defined functions (extension of Excel’s built-in function library). In early versions of Excel these programs were written in a macro language whose statements had formula syntax and resided in the cells of special purpose macro sheets (stored with file extension .XLM in Windows.).

XLM was the default macro language for Excel through Excel 4.0.[20] Beginning with version 5.0 Excel recorded macros in VBA by default but with version 5.0 XLM recording was still allowed as an option. After version 5.0 that option was discontinued. All versions of Excel, including Excel 2010 are capable of running an XLM macro, though Microsoft discourages their use.


Freeware is software that’s provided 100% free so long as it remains un modified. The entire opposite of freeware is commercial software.

Unlike open source software, freeware can’t be altered and it is usually only certified to be utilized by non commercial customers.

Freeware does not cost anything; it is still copyrighted, so other people can’t market the software as their own.