Tag Archives: Technical


In computing, there is a standard for message logging called syslog. It permits departure of the software that generates messages. It is a system that stores them, and there is software that reports and analyzes them. You can consider each message with a facility code which is indicating the software type generating the message, and assigned a severity label.

There is a wide variety of devices, such as printers, routers, and message receivers across many platforms use the syslog standard. This allows the consolidation of logging data from diverse types of systems in a central repository. There are implementations of syslog which exist for many operating systems.


Diagnostics is an identification of the nature called Diagnosis and it can measure the cause of a certain phenomenon. You can use Diagnosis in many different disciplines with variations in the use of logic, analytics, and experience to determine “cause and effect”. You can use it in systems engineering and computer science.

There are many purposes of Diagnosis such as you can measure the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon. You can use it with many variations such as use of logic, analytics, and experience to determine “cause and effect”.


There is an open source analytics and visualization platform called Kibana which can design to work with Elasticsearch. People can use Kibana to search, view, and interact with data stored in Elasticsearch indices. We can easily execute advanced data analysis and visualize your data in a variety of charts, tables, and maps.

Invented by: Elastic
Year Invented: In June 2014

Kibana is a simple, browser which is based interface enables you to quickly create and share dynamic dashboards that display changes to Elastics each queries in real time. You can set the Kibana in a snap. It is very easy to install Kibana and you can and start exploring your Elasticsearch indices in minutes. 


You can use data visualization in many disciplines as a modern correspondent of visual communication. It can manage the creation and study of the visual representation of data, meaning “information that has been preoccupied in some schematic form, including attributes or variables for the units of information”.

Invented by: John W. Tukey , Edward Tufte , Hadley Wickham
Year Invented: 2nd century

There are two purposes of visualization such as an art and a science. It is considered as a branch of descriptive statistics by some. But it is used as a grounded theory development tool by others. There is an increased amount of data which is created by Internet activity. There are an expanding number of sensors in the environment which are referred to as “big data” or Internet of things.


Away3D is a open-source platform which is called Away3D. It is for developing interactive 3D graphics for video games and applications, in Adobe Flash or HTML5. There is a 3D world editor based on a platform. Moreover, there are3D graphics engine (Away3D or AwayJS), a 3D physics engine (Away Physics) and a compressed 3D model file format (AWD).

Away3D is an open-source ActionScript 3 engine for developing interactive 3D graphics within Adobe Flash Player and Adobe AIR. Away3D runs on current web browsers utilizing the Adobe Flash Player, and uses Stage3D for GPU-accelerated rendering.

URL: www.away3d.com/


Papervision3D is an open source. It is a 3D graphics engine for rendering 3D content within Adobe Flash Player and Adobe AIR. Papervision3D is not developed for Stage3D and renders 3D content fully on the CPU without GPU-accelerated rendering. It means that it is unlike the modern Flash 3D engines such as Away3D and Flare3D.

Invented by: Carlos Ulloa
Year Invented: December 2005

Papervision3D was developed by Carlos Ulloa around December 2005; it is an open source by the end of 2006. Papervision3D was of the first 3D rendering engines that is built for Adobe Flash Player. When it launched then it was a complete and best known 3D engine for Flash. I had used draw Triangles() to render 3D content fully on the CPU, within Flash Player.


A multiplayer video game that is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game setting at the same time. There are video games that are often single-player actions, placing the player against preprogrammed challenges or AI-controlled opponents. Multiplayer games may allow players communication with other individuals in partnership, competition or rivalry.

There is a collective name for playing a computer game with multiple players which is called Multiplayer. You can play it in several ways such as LAN -connective, over the internet or via a split screen, the most common ones.


Scribus needs English IPA is a desktop publishing (DTP) application, which is released under the GNU General Public License as free software. This program is based on the free Qt toolkit, with native versions available for Unix, Linux, BSD, macOS, Haiku, Microsoft Windows, OS/2 and eComStation working systems.

Invented By: The Scribus Team
Year Invented: 26 June 2003

Scribus is software which is designed for layout, typesetting, and grounding of files for professional-quality image-setting apparatus. You can produce animated and interactive PDF presentations and forms such as writing newspapers, brochures, newsletters, posters, and books.


JIRA is an exclusive issue tracking product which is developed by Atlassian. You can handle the bug tracking, issue tracking, and project management functions. Although typically it is called JIRA yet the product name is not an acronym. But it is a truncation of Gojir which is the Japanese name for Godzilla, itself a reference to Jira’s main competitor, Bugzilla.

Invented By: Atlassian, Inc.
Year Invented: 2002

There are some organizations that have used Jira at some point. They use JIRA for bug-tracking and project management include Fedora Commons, Hibernate, JBoss, Skype Technologies, Spring Framework, and The Apache Software Foundation, which can use both Jira and Bugzilla.


Stage3D is an Adobe Flash Player API in computing for execution of interactive 3D graphics with GPU-acceleration, within Flash games and applications. There is a Flash Player or AIR applications written in Action Script. 3D can use Stage3D to reduce 3D graphics, and particular applications can run natively on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Apple iOS and Google Android.

There are GPU Shaders in Stage3D which are expressed in the Adobe Graphics Assembly Language. Stage3D can object leave from the outmoded SWF version model in that they cannot be added to SWF’s display lists; instead they necessity be instantiated via ActionScript.


If you want to know the geographic location then you use the software of Geolocation. It is the identification or estimation of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar source, mobile phone, or Internet-connected computer terminal. You cannot use it in the coordinates to determine a meaningful location, such as a street address.

There are many purposes of the geolocation because it is in deductive position. In the crowdsourcing position, you can use the geolocation for knowing the position of videos of training camps, combats, and beheadings in Syria by comparing features detected in the video with publicly available map databases such as Google Earth, as practiced by sites such as Bellingcat.



The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based radio navigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force. A global navigation satellite system provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth where there is a free line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.

Invented By: AFSPC
Year Invented: February 1978

The GPS system provides critical positioning competences to military, civil, and commercial users around the world. The United States government created the system, maintains it, and makes it freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver. However, the US government can selectively reject access to the system, as happened to the Indian military in 1999 during the Kargil War.



Three-dimensional computer graphics are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.

Invented By: William Fetter
Year Invented: 1961

Before execution into an image, objects must be put out in a scene. This defines three-dimensional relationships between objects, including location and size. Animation refers to the time-based description of an object (i.e., how it moves and deforms over time).



2D computer graphics is the computer-based generation of digital images and are mostly from two-dimensional models (such as 2D geometric models, text, and digital images) and by techniques specific to them.

2D Animation is the process of making hundreds of drawings and then having them moving by playing them in rapid succession. This is the most common form of animation, and has been used for several eras across several forms of media.


A firewall is a part of a network that is designed to block unauthorized access while permitting authorized communications. It is a device or set of devices, which is aligned to permit or reject computer, based application upon a set of rules and other criteria.

Invented By: Clifford Stoll
Year Invented: late 1980s

A firewall typically establishes a boundary between a trusted, secure internal network and another outside network, such as the Internet, that is expected not to be secure or trusted. Firewalls are often characterized as either network firewalls or host-based firewalls.


A subset of game development, Game programming is the software development of video games. Game programming requires extensive skill in software engineering as well as specialization in one or more of the following areas, which overlap heavily to create a game: simulation, computer graphics, artificial intelligence, physics, audio programming, and input.

Programmers are often required to produce models of gameplay ideas and features. A great deal of prototyping may take place during pre-production, before the design document is complete, and may help determine what features the design specifies.


In computing, is a system used for reporting and data analysis, a data warehouse (DW or DWH), also known as an enterprise data warehouse (EDW), and is considered a core component of business intelligence. DWs are central fountains of integrated data from one or more unlike sources.

Invented By: Barry Devlin and Paul Murphy
Year Invented: 1980s

The process of meeting, cleaning and integrating data from various sources, usually from long-term existing operational systems (usually referred to as legacy systems), was typically in part replicated for each environment. Moreover, the operational systems were frequently revised as new decision support requirements arisen.


The process of enhancing user satisfaction with a product by improving the usability, accessibility, and pleasure provided in the interaction with the product stated as User experience design. It covers traditional human–computer interaction (HCI) design, and extends it by addressing all aspects of a product or service as apparent by users.

Invented By: Donald Norman
Year Invented: 1940

User experience may be considered subjective in nature to the degree that it is about individual perception and thought with respect to the system. User experience is vibrant as it is persistently modified over time due to changing usage conditions and changes to individual systems as well as the wider usage context in which they can be found.


Software testing is an investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the product or service under test. Software testing can also provide an objective, independent view of the software to allow the business to appreciate and understand the risks of software implementation.

Invented By: Glenford J. Myers
Year Invented: in 1979

A process of executing a program or application with the intent of finding the software bugs terms as Software Testing. It can also be stated as the process of authenticating and proving that a software program, application, or product meets the business and technical requirements that guided its design and development.


Short form of a UDID is Unique Device ID. This UDID is actually a feature of Apple iDevices. It is basically a unique id for a single device that is being made by Apple servers every time a user tries to activate the device using iCloud or Setup app. This ID is also used by iTunes to detect the phone or to communicate with it while restoring the iPSW firmware.

The user nor Apple cannot change this unique ID, but changing the motherboard will change said ID.

Each iPhone or iPod Touch has a sequence of 40 letters and numbers terms as Unique Device Identifier (UDID) that is specific to your device. It’s like a serial number but much harder to guess. It will look something like this: 2b6f0cc904d137be2e1730235f5664094b831186 .


Many of the peoples were muddled when they have to determine the differences between quality control, quality assurance, and that of testing. Even though they are consistent and to some amount, they can be recognized as same goings-on, nevertheless there occur unique points that fixed them separately.

Invented By: Glenford J. Myers
Year Invented: in 1979

Usually software testers do the software testing. In the EST techniques, there include the procedure of executing a program or some applications with the intending to verdict software viruses and authenticate that is that software is for better use. Software testing comprises the completing of a software component or the system component to appraise one or more stuffs of concern.


Apple is using the verifying code signing for an application. There is private/public key pair. There is a mobile provision file that you must install on the target device for debugging. There are two types of provisioning profiles, one is called development and other is called distribution.

A collection of assets is called provisioning profile. It links the group of developers. A group of devices and more applications are linked with it. It enables the devices for testing the application while it is being developed.



CDN is a content delivery network or content distribution network. CDN is an internationally distributed network of proxy servers that is deployed in multiple data centers. There is a goal of a CDN and it wants to serve content to end-users with high obtainability and high performance. It was release on 1990.

The term CDN means there are many things to different people. It is an umbrella term that describes many different types of content delivery services. There are numerous such as Video streaming, software downloads, web and mobile content acceleration, licensed/managed CDN, transparent caching.


There is a command processor called Bash that typically runs in a text window, where the user types commands that cause actions. Bash is able to read commands from a file, called a script. It can support the filename globing (wildcard matching), piping, here documents, command substitution, variables and control structures for condition-testing and iteration like all UNIX shells.

Invented By: Brian Fox
Year Invented: June 8, 1989


There is a command processor often known as Bash. It typically runs in a text window, where the user types commands that cause actions. Bash may also read commands from a file and this procedure is called a script. It supports filename globing (wildcard matching), piping, here documents, command substitution, variables and control structures for condition-testing and iteration.


The route of electronic signals, digital data streams, or flows of items is called the loopback, or loop-back back to their source without intentional processing or modification. It is a main source of testing the transmission or transportation infrastructure.

When any message is transmitted by such a channel, it is received by the same channel. The loopback devices perform transmission can test of access lines from the serving switching center, which usually does not require the assistance of personnel at the served terminal. It is a mode of testing in station which is not imperatively adjacent.


Decomposition in computer science is called factoring. It is a breaking a complex problem or system into parts. These parts make the easier to conceive, understand, program, and maintain. There are procedural modules called decomposition paradigms.

In the computer programming, decomposition paradigm is a system for establishing a program as a number of parts, and it usually implies a specific way to organize a program text. There is an aim of using the paradigm to optimize some metric related to program complexity, for example the modularity of the program or its maintainability.


Apache Solr is an uncluttered framework enterprise search forum; Solr is transcribed in Java, from the Apache Lucene project. Its basic structures comprise of full-text search, hit highlighting, faceted search, real-time indexing, dynamic clustering, database integration, NoSQL features and rich document (e.g., Word, PDF) handling. This is a reliable framework by experts.

Invented By:  Yonik Seeley

Year Invented: In 2004


Apache Solr is an appreciated and dependable, accessible and fault tolerant, providing distributed indexing, replication and load-balanced querying, automated failover and recovery, centralized configuration and more. Solr influences the quest and navigation structures of many of the world’s largest internet sites.


Augmented Reality is new user experience as it is animates direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose essentials are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory involvement such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data.

Invented By: Louis Rosenberg is developer of the first functioning AR system.

Year Invented: Augmented reality systems were established at the U.S. Air Force’s Armstrong Labs in 1992.

Processor, display, sensors and input devices are the imperative components of the hardware. The modern devices of computers such as tablets and mobiles are based on components. Some other devices are included such as accelerometer, GPS, and solid state compass, making them suitable AR platforms.


System Analysis is one of the problem-solving methods that crumble a structure into its constituent fragments. The main purpose of system analysis to study how well those element work and interact to undertake their purpose.

 Invented By: Ackoff,

Year Invented: 1960

The enlargement of a computer-based information system contains a system analysis phase. It works as helper to create the data model, a precursor to forming or augmenting a database. Basically Systems analysis is a problem-solving technique that includes looking at the broader system, breaking the parts. It helps to presume how it works in order to achieve a particular goal.


A shell script is a famous program which is designed to be run by the Unix shell, a command-line interpreter. There are various dialects of shell scripts that are measured to be languages. Shell scripts work on the typical operations including file manipulation, program execution, and printing text.

Invented By: Developed by Fernando J. Corbató

Year Invented: First released in 1989

A convenient variation is provided by the shell script. Environment settings, command options, or post-processing apply automatically by the convenient variation of a system command. But it can allow the new writing to quiet act as a fully normal Unix command.


Data can be stored or organized by using this dedicated format. The main purpose of designing a structure is to unify data to suit a specific purpose. By using Data structure data can be accessed and operated in applicable ways.

General data structure types include the array, the file, the record, the table, the tree, and so on.

Data structure can be selected or designed to store data for the perseverance of working on it with numerous algorithms. You can use it in computer programing.

Specific abstract data types can be implemented in data structures one or more (ADT), which require the processes that can be achieved on a data structure.


The intangible model of internet is called the internet protocol. It is a set of communications protocol that is used the Internet and similar computer networks. The TCP/IP model (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is an expressive framework for the Internet Protocol Suite of computer network protocols.

Invented By: it was a joint venture of Robert E. Kahn, Vinton Cerf

Year Invented: 1973

There is a two layer program called TCP/IP. Two layers like higher layer, Transmission Control Protocol can manage the collecting of a message or file into smaller packets that are transferred over the Internet and received by a TCP layer that reassembles the packets into the original message. Addresses are handled by the two layers.


The name Redis refers to Remote Dictionary Server. Its function is to implement data structure servers. Redis brings a set of adaptable in-memory data structures which facilitate you to generate an assortment of custom applications.

Invented By: Salvatore Sanfilippo

Year Invented: Initial release‎: ‎April 10, 2009 stable version were released in March, 2010

Reis is used as database broker for cache and messages. This is an open source (BSD licensed), in-memory data structure store. Redis performs its functions with an in-memory dataset. Redis can acknowledge keys in an extensive variety of formats; operations can be implemented on the server.


PostgreSQL is a database management system and this term is abbreviated as Postgres. The main role of Postgres is to protect and return that data in reply to demands from other software submissions. PostgreSQL manages concurrency by an appropriate method which is identified as multi version concurrency control (MVCC). It gives full support and stores all procedures in different languages.
Invented By: the specific term was coined by Michael Stonebraker
Year Invented: PostgreSQL was resulted in a venture at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1982
As a database server, its primary functions are to store data securely and return that data in response to requests from other software applications. Its SQL execution strongly follows the ANSI-SQL: 2008 standard. PostgreSQL embraces four index access methods:
• Generalized search trees (GiST),
• Generalized inverted indexes (GIN),
• Space-Partitioned GiST (SP-GiST)
• Block Range Indexes (BRIN)

Limit Value Value
Maximum Database Size Unlimited
Maximum Table Size 32 TB
Maximum Row Size 1.6 TB
Maximum Field Size 1 GB
Maximum Rows per Table Unlimited
Maximum Columns per Table 250 – 1600 depending on column types
Maximum Indexes per Table Unlimited

URL: https://www.postgresql.org


Google glass is effectively an advanced wearable technology with an optical head-mounted display developed by Google with partnership of Italian eyewear company “Luxottica” which is owners of the “Ray-Ban” “Oakley” and other famous brands.

First Google Glass was available for beta testers (only for U.S residents) to buy in 2013, for $ 1,500 including tax at the same price as your average Smartphone. It’s all details are display in a Smartphone such as free format and heads-up coupled with the voice activation helps the users to see and communicate as well as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi connectivity.It is essential to remove a little screw to move the Google Glass from one frame to another.

It is powered by Android, mobile devices and Apple iOS is expected. Google Glass is designed to receive phone call, send texts, videos, photos and also deliver search results. Voice commands make it more effective like saying “take a picture” capture all the moments of your life.

Google announced 3 new applications exclusively in order to entice for travelers TripIt, FourSquare and OpentTable. After that, Google also enhanced it on June 25, 2014 and provided notifications facility from Android wear will be sent to Google Glass.


Push refers to as data transfer is initiated by the server rather than the client. Push e-mails allows users to receive mail messages without having to check their e-mail manually.


This technology is also known as “Server Push” to deliver data and update information from internet to a user’s computer along with text messages to people’s cell phones. To enjoy the push technology.

It is necessary that both computers client and server must support to push technology for better and effective communication. Now a days people are no longer need to check the many websites continuously because push technology has become more attractive way to spreading information in the quickest way.


A buffer contains data that is stored for a short amount of time; normally in the computer’s main memory such random access memory. It is storage in memory that retailers information while running additional information and on-line loading occurs while loading movies and audio before they perform.

This type of streaming helps in avoiding the press from ending by installing a bit of the document first when it will be to perform. Computer programs employ buffers to store data while they are running. If it were not for buffers, computers will run a lot fewer efficiently and we would be waiting around a lot more.

For example, when you download an audio or video folder from the Internet, it possibly will load the first 20% of it into a buffer and then begin to play.


Digital sign that deliverer binary numbers (0 and 1) of both ON (the main) or OFF (the amount zero). Unlike an analog transmission, that will be constant and much more such as a trend, an electronic signal may be the sections which are up or down for both ON or OFF and discontinuous within the example.

A digital computer can perform its operations in the decimal system, in binary, in ternary or in other numeral systems. As of 2014, all digital electronic computers commonly used, whether personal computers or supercomputers, are working in the binary number system and also use binary logic. A few ternary computers using ternary logic were built mainly in the Soviet Union as research projects.



EUP stands for “Enterprise Unified Process” EUP is a software development strategy that helps businesses produces application in an organized and structured manner.

EUP includes six stages: Elaboration, Beginning, Building, Move, Manufacturing and Pension. Since the RUP includes four phases, the EUP consists of six phase.

There are two basic reasons why EUD has become popular.[citation needed] One is because organizations are facing delays on projects and using EUD can effectively cut the time of completion on a project. The second reason is that software tools are more powerful and easier to use.



Stands for “Global Positioning System”, GPS is a community of satellites that helps customers decide an area On The Planet. The notion of GPS was created in 1957 following the start of Sputnik.

In 1964, the TRANSPORTATION program permitted for precise location changes and became working on U.S. Polaris submarines. This became readily available for commercial use in 1967. GPS has applications beyond navigation and location determination.

GPS can be used for cartography, forestry, mineral exploration, wildlife habitation management, monitoring the movement of people and things and bringing precise timing to the world.

GPS has applications beyond navigation and location determination. GPS can be used for cartography, forestry, mineral exploration, wildlife habitation management, monitoring the movement of people and things and bringing precise timing to the world.


A period and popular buzzword to get company or a marketing system that provides a mix of entertainment and information.

This content sent via infotainment was created to be beneficial nonetheless interesting enough to attract and keep up with the customer’s attention.

While there is a blurry line between basic information and infotainment, if informational media makes an intentional effort to entertain, you can call it infotainment.


Stands for “Last In, First Out”, LIFO, is a process of processing data where the information last is the first to be sent out after processed.

The LIFO method is sometimes used by computers when extracting data from an array or data buffer. The LIFO method is also applied in accounting filed of study to transfer the stock from the business.


Stands for “Musical instrument Digital Interface”, MIDI is a standard for sending and electronically representing sounds which was first created within the 1980s.

The MIDI sound is played again through computer or the hardware system either via perhaps a waveform located about the hardware device or computer or a synthesized audio noise.

The caliber of MIDI sounds when played back from computer or the hardware device is determined by the capacity of that system.


Term used to explain whenever a link disconnected or is damaged. Whenever a device is offline it’s not able to deliver or obtain data during that system.

Simply the link is not connected to the network due to any reason is called offline.

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A list of jobs that are waiting to be processed. An example of the queue is just a printer line .

These jobs could be saved in a queue to be published later if multiple people were to produce in the same time, since the printer can’t printing various copies in the same time.


A term used to explain the motion of pressing the right mouse button. The right-press allows a person to do frequently performed tasks.

For Example, a person might choose text utilizing the left mouse button after which right-press that text to repeat the writing in to the clipboard.



Stands for “Start Of Power”, SOA may it is first source document in a DNS zone file. This report allows different network devices realize that it’s the very best supply of data for DNS information inside a site.

The goal of SOA is to make it easy for businesses to grow and add new services.

It makes it potential for a business to put in new features and services without having to create them from scratch.


Term used to explain the procedure of sending data over any communications line.

For Example, a device opening a built-in board system (BBS) or even the Web can be an example of telecommunications.

Modern technologies for long-distance communication usually involve electrical and electromagnetic technologies, such as telegraph, telephone, and microwave transmission, fiber optics and satellites communication.


It is refers to as login identification, as a merchant account name, and user identification, a user or login name, is a name that uniquely identifies someone on a computer system.

This title is often an acronym of their alias or the consumers complete name. When you pick a username for an e-mail account, the part before the “@” is your username.


A radio system uses radio waves, the same as televisions, mobile phones and receivers do. Actually, communication across a radio system is like two way radio communication. Here is what happens. A computer’s wireless adapter sends it having an antenna and means information in to a stereo transmission.

A wireless router receives the sign and decodes it. The switch delivers the info towards the Web utilizing a real, wired Ethernet connection.


Ad Hoc Network uses wireless technology without having any routers, bridges and other networking devices because it’s a temporary connection to transfer data from one computer to another but also keeping in view the range of network. Wireless mobile ad hoc networks are self-configuring, dynamic networks in which nodes are free to move.

Wireless networks lack the complexities of infrastructure setup and administration, enabling devices to create and join networks “on the fly” – anywhere, anytime.

The classic routing ad hoc networks can use flooding for forwarding data.
Ad Hoc Network like (LAN) Local area network but if it is being setup for long period of time.


The word burn can be used to explain the motion of making record able disk or a CD. It allows the user to create own and any kind of data for storage purpose. The saved data on cd can be used later anytime. Jargon phrase meaning to create information to some CD ROM. There is a cd burner another title to get a cd-r travel.

The intention is to detect those particular components that would fail as a result of the initial, high-failure rate portion of the bathtub curve of component reliability. If the burn-in period is made sufficiently long (and, perhaps, artificially stressful), the system can then be trusted to be mostly free of further early failures once the burn-in process is complete.


Digitizing’s procedure describes the work of transforming text or a picture into digital data. This is because computers are digital devices and can only read digital data. An example of digitizing is whenever a computer scanner turns a low-digital photograph, right into a binary image file using the PC, like a picture family photo.

Digitization is of crucial importance to data processing, storage and transmission, because it “allows information of all kinds in all formats to be carried with the same efficiency and also intermingled”



Stands for “Frequently Asked Questions”, FAQs are places with information on frequently asked questions of a specific service or product for example engineering requirements, computing devices, business data, and video games. 

Any person can ask questions relevant to the available product on that site.While the name may be recent, the FAQ format itself is quite old. For instance, Matthew Hopkins wrote The Discovery of Witches in 1647 as a list of questions and answers, introduced as “Certain Queries answered”.

Many old catechisms are in a question-and-answer (Q&A) format. Summa Theologica, written by Thomas Aquinas in the second half of the 13th century, is a series of common questions about Christianity to which he wrote a series of replies. Plato’s dialogues are even older.


Visual images shown on many press or styles, including fabric, a PC monitor, document, etc. A digitized version of the picture or picture is known as a computer graphic. Computer graphics is responsible for displaying art and image data effectively and meaningfully to the user. It is also used for processing image data received from the physical world.

Computer graphic development has had a significant impact on many types of media and has revolutionized animation, movies, advertising, video games, and graphic design generally.Examples of graphics are photographs, drawings, line arts etc. Graphics can be functional or artistic.

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Information that is joined or delivered to the computer to be prepared or any information is recognized as input.

User or feedback is usually delivered to the computer-using an input device like mouse or a keyboard. With the help of input devices input is given to the computer system.


Load balancing is a way of routing out data each of the across multiple computers or network devices based by how active the computer or network device is and taking multiple requests or procedures relevant to packets or data.

Load balancing helps from becoming overwhelmed with requests keep a server or network device and helps distribute the work.


Mini DV is a digital format that’s cheap compared for the charges of other camcorder media. An average Minidv tape report two times as much video like a regular DVD at equal cost and may cost about three or four bucks.

You may also report over a small DVD drive, anything you-can’t do using a common dvd r disc


Stands for “Online Analytical Processing”, OLAP was initially launched within the 1993 document compiled by Edgar Codd, and it is group and application of resources used to investigate information located in a greater complexity inside a database.

Commonly databases are two-dimensional but OLAP is a multidimensional means any information can be compared in various ways.

For example, a company might compare their computer sales in May with sales in June, and then evaluate those consequences with the sales from another place, which might be stored in a special database.

OLAP processing is also used for data mining, with the purpose to determine new relationships between different sets of data.

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Instead known as the Sholes keyboard, Christopher Sholes who had been released a patent to get a typewriter on July 14, 1868 created the QWERTY keyboard.

The QWERTY keyboard is known as after the five-letter keys found at the very top left-side of the keyboard and it is currently the state standard of computer keyboards (ISO 9995).

The QWERTY keyboard may be the most often identified and used key pad within the United States today


An accumulation of relevant information found in a number of files.

For Example, a service organization might have an archive on your COMPUTER or you, this report may include such information as details about its own history and the computer.


A softcopy is an electronic copy of text accessible through the computer and located in the computer. We can work in it but cannot touch it.

The most typical approach to showing a soft-copy is via other show or a computer monitor.

It can easily edited, deleted and modified according to user need and also easy to make multiple copies of the work.


The terahertz, abbreviated THz, is a product of electromagnetic (EM) wave frequency corresponding to one billion hertz (1012 Hz).

The terahertz can be used as an indication of the consistency of infrared (IR), obvious, and ultraviolet (UV) light.


Vaporware can be both software and hardware as well that has been announced but has missed its release date by a significant amount of time.

Vaporware is also a term from time to time used to explain events that are announced or predicted, never on the record cancelled, but never projected to happen.


A wildcard character is a unique character that shows a number of other people. One of the most popular wildcard characters would be the asterisk (*).

which usually represents zero or even more characters in a chain of figures, as well as the question mark (?), which usually presents anyone character.


A computer understands the digital signal but to accept or transmit the analog signal first computer converts them into digital format than apply further processing. Analog signals are continuous in nature such as human voice, waves of water.

Analog results are not accurate as compared to digital calculation. Even they are slower in speed relatively to digital signals. Setting up an analog computer required scale factors to be chosen, along with initial conditions—that is, starting values.

Another essential was creating the required network of interconnections between computing elements. Sometimes it was necessary to re-think the structure of the problem so that the computer would function satisfactorily.


Cache, which is pronounced “cash” it stores freshly, used information so that it can be quickly accessed at a soon after the time. Both primary cache kinds are disk-cache and storage cache.

Storage cache is just a part on storage of high speed fixed Memory (SRAM) and works well since many applications access the exact same information or directions over-and-over.

The pc eliminates opening the DRAM by maintaining just as much of the info as you can in SRAM. Many computers nowadays include L2 cache.

A cache hit occurs when the requested data can be found in a cache, while a cache miss occurs when it cannot. Cache hits are served by reading data from the cache, which is faster than recomputing a result or reading from a slower data store; thus, the more requests can be served from the cache, the faster the system performs.


A combination of colors to help the produce of appearance to the new color of color within an image. As it to smooth out the colors in digital graphics and sounds in digital audio.

Dithering is often utilized in significant magazines like a paper. It may also appear somewhat grainy since it’s composed of different pixel intensities rather than a single intensity over the colored space.

A typical use of dither is converting a greyscale image to black and white, such that the density of black dots in the new image approximates the average grey level in the original.


Stands for “Fiber Distributed Data Interface”, FDDI is just a standard produced by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) for sending information on optical fiber cables.FDDI supports transmission rates of 100 megabits per minute on small-passing systems.

FDDI, as a product of American National Standards Institute X3T9.5 (now X3T12), conforms to the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model of functional layering using other protocols. The standards process started in the mid 1980s.[2] FDDI-II, a version of FDDI described in 1989, added circuit-switched service capability to the network so that it could also handle voice and video signals.


Grayscale is referred to white and as black, grayscale or grayscale can be an impression comprised of colors of black spots and white.While the majority of things nowadays have been in full-color, some products like the Amazon Kindle show images and text in grayscale.

Grayscale images are often the result of measuring the intensity of light at each pixel in a single band of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g. infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, etc.), and in such cases they are monochromatic proper when only a given frequency is captured. But also they can be synthesized from a full color image; see the section about converting to grayscale.


A numeric value, for Example, 1234 and 1 are types of integers. There is a negative integer any negative numeric value.

for Example, -1 and -1234 are types of a negative integers. In many programming languages, you are able to transform several into an integer utilizing the int function.


Local host is also called the loop back address. It is a hostname that the computer’s software and users may employ to access the computer’s possess network services.

While the local loopback mechanism is useful for testing software during development independent of any networking configurations.

For Example, typing: ping local host would ping the local IP address of (the loop back address).

When setting up a web server or software on an Internet server, is used to level the software to the local machine.


Stands for “Million Instructions per Second”, MIPS may be the estimated quantity of instructions completed in a single second and it is a dimension of pace to get program or a processor.

For Example, the Intel 80386 (386) pc processor was effective at doing significantly more than five-million directions every minute (MIPS).


An outline of whenever a link continues to be created using service or another product. It’s ready to deliver or obtain data in the other end of the bond whenever a system is online.

Being online frequently describes whenever there is a person online using the link.


Stands for “redundant array of inexpensive disks”, RAID can be a range of hard disk drives setup and attached with techniques to assist defend or accelerate the efficiency of the disk storage of the computer.

RAID is often applied to high end computers and machines


Stands for “Registered Port-45” are a 8-pin connectors employed for Ethernet network adapters.

This connection resembles the RJ-11 6 or -pin connector combined with phones in it however they are different. RJ45 cables can be wired in two different ways. One version is called T-568A and the other is T-568B.


SRGB stands for “Standard Red Green Blue”, color space created Microsoft and by HP in 1996 to be used on the Web, models and screens.

SRGB uses the ITU-R BT.709 primaries, just like are utilized in HDTV and studio monitors, along with a transfer function standard of CRTs.


When applied to explain text, the arrangement of artwork or text in accordance with a border and determines that how the text is displayed horizontally on the page Flush left position implies that text is arranged across the left margin.

Flush correct position lines up text across the right edge. Focused alignment implies that text is aimed around a midpoint. Justified alignment implies that text lines up along both prices.


In mathematics if a quantity is represented with magnitude and direction is called vector.

In the world of computer vectors are used to explain paths in certain types of images, such as EPS files and Adobe Illustrator documents.

These images are known as vector graphics since they are comprised of vectors, or paths, instead of dots. Vector graphics can be scaled larger or smaller with no losing quality.

In computer science, a vector may refer to a type of one dimensional array.

For example, a vector called “fibonacci” that stores the first six values of the Fibonacci sequence would be defined as follows:

fibonacci[0] = 0, fibonacci[1] = 1, fibonacci[2] = 1, fibonacci[3] = 2, fibonacci[4] = 3, fibonacci[5] = 5


WiMAX is among the best broadband wireless technologies today. WiMAX devices are required to provide broadband access providers within an affordable way to residential and business clients.

Freely, WiMAX is a standard wireless edition of Ethernet designed mainly as a substitute to cable systems (for example Cable Modems, DSL and T1/E1 links) to supply broadband use of customer premises.


ANSI stands for “American National Standards Institute” is just a non profit corporation which encourages and develops the requirements related to systems and recently items in the United States.

ANSI was originally called the “American Engineering Standards Committee” (AESC), which was formed in 1918. Computer makes while producing the models to become suitable for 3rd party products follow these requirements.

The organization’s headquarters are in Washington, DC. ANSI’s operations office is located in New York City. The ANSI annual operating budget is funded by the sale of publications, membership dues and fees, accreditation services, fee-based programs, and international standards programs.



Stands for “Computer-Aided Design”, CAD is just a software package used-to design ideas and assist technicians for example creating a home with various design tasks.

The image is definitely of exactly what a CAD format might seem like an Example. AutoCAD from Autodesk is among the most often utilized and trained CAD applications, nowadays.

As in the manual drafting of technical and engineering drawings, the output of CAD must convey information, such as materials, processes, dimensions, and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions.



It stands for “Data Definition Language” (DDL) can be used to produce and eliminate sources and database objects.

Database managers will mainly us these instructions throughout the elimination and setup stages of the database project. Let us have a look in usage and the framework of four basic DDL commands.

The CREATE command is used to establish a new database, table, index, or stored procedure.The CREATE statement in SQL creates a component in a relational database management system (RDBMS). In the SQL 1992 specification, the types of components that can be created are schemas, tables, views, domains, character sets, collations, translations, and assertions.


Stands for “First In, First-Out,” FIFO method is just a way of running information where the information first obtained may be the first to be sent out after processed.This method also used in accounting system.

FCFS is also the jargon term for the FIFO operating system scheduling algorithm, which gives every process central processing unit (CPU) time in the order in which it is demanded.FIFO’s opposite is LIFO, last-in-first-out, where the youngest entry or ‘top of the stack’ is processed first


There is a longstanding controversy about the term’s true meaning. In this controversy, the term hacker is reclaimed by computer programmers who argue that it refers simply to someone with an advanced understanding of computers and computer networks. A developer or somebody who hacked out computer codes. A hacker can “hack” his or her way through the security levels of a computer system or network.

Hackers are the reason software manufacturers liberate sporadic “security updates” to their programs. To avoid hacking strong the security of your networking computer otherwise all the data can be stolen by the hacker with unauthorized access to your computer system. 

This can be as simple as finding out somebody else’s password or as complex as writing a institution program to break another computer’s security software.


IP stands for “Intellectual property” refers to the ownership of subtle and non-physical goods. This includes ideas, names, designs, symbols, artwork, writings, and other creations.

It also refers to digital media, such as audio and video clips that can be downloaded online.


Instead called log on, sign in, or joining, signal on is the procedure for connecting to a software application that uses a network id or a network.

The signal on procedure demands the user define added network or server info, the username and password and, sometimes.



Stands for “Multimedia Message Service”, MMS are the capability of the message system able to releasing texts over WAP with artwork, looks, and video.

Now days MMS services are widely being used but it only those mobile can use it which have facility of MMS.

If your phone does not support MMS messages, you will most likely receive a text message that includes a uniform resource locator where you can view the file from a Web browser.


Stands for “Open System Interconnection Model”, OSI is a system design produced by ISO in 1978 where fellow-to-peer communications are split into seven levels.

Each level performs duties or a particular job, and builds upon the previous level before communications are complete. Its several layers include different protocols to perform the tasks.



Stands for “Resource Description Framework”, (RDF) are a common framework that how to explain any Web source like a site and its content. An RDF information (such explanations tend to be known as metadata, or “data about information”) may include the writers of the source, day of development or upgrading.

The business of the pages on the website (the sitemap), information that explains information when it comes to market or content rating, key phrases for internet search engine data collection, subject groups, and so on.

  • RDF is a framework for describing resources on the web
  • RDF is designed to be read and understood by computers
  • RDF is not designed for being displayed to people
  • RDF is written in XML



In spreadsheets, lines are numbered outside categories of cells. Comparison with line, which are straight lines of tissues, often determined by words. Row is always in horizontal way.

Combination of rows and columns make the cells in which data can be enter in both way row and column wise.


A stack is a category of data structure and stores data and information in a computer system. When a fresh object is entered in a stack, it is located on top of all the formerly entered objects.

In a network some connections or layers, proceed like the stack data structure and they are built and likely of in the same way.


Either a hardware manufacturer or a software developer that’s no connection or affiliation using the current company.

For Example, IBM is just a third party organization to Computer Hope.

Computer Hope provides support for several third party computer firms but isn’t associated with every other computer company.


Veronica can be a system that helped one to seek to get a specific search string in the documents of the Web’s Gopher servers. Like Archie, Veronicais comparable plan for FTP servers, Veronica can be an indexing spider that visits the Gopher sites, says file names and all of the listing, after which indexes them in one single large list.

However, using the nearly total death of Gopher servers (many information has probably been placed on the Net), Veronica has turned into a relic of early 1990s.


Wireless can be a more contemporary option to conventional wired network that depends on wires for connecting community capable devices. Wireless systems are popular in both business computer systems and house.

Wi-Fi is the modren technology used for wireless networking. If your computer has a wireless card, it is mainly likely Wi-Fi compatible.


The Apple Macintosh is just a computer launched by Apple in 1984 using the now-famous 1984 commercial found about the Super bowl.

The Apple Macintosh computer became favored by colleges and several customers due to the graphical user interface (GUI) which was easier for non-pc users to utilize because it didn’t involve memorizing several directions like this about the computers at that time using MS DOS.

Founders By:  Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne
Year Lunch: April 1, 1976

URL: https://www.apple.com


Stands for “Code Division Multiple Access”, CDMA can also be referred to as cdmaOne or IS-95A. CDMA is just a digital cell phone technology that assigns a special signal allowing numerous calls to become created within the same consistency is channeled by each.

CDMA is also uses in (UHF) ultra high frequency with the speed of 800 and 1.9 from mega hertz to gega hertz.It converts analog to digital with the amalgamation of spread spectrum technology. As first audio input converted into digital (binary elments) and further procedure takes place.

The main developers of the Altai system were VNIIS (Voronezh Science Research Institute of Communications) and GSPI (State Specialized Project Institute). In 1963 this service started in Moscow and in 1970 Altai service was used in 30 USSR cities.


Domains include a set of computers that can be accessed and administered with a ordinary set of rules. For example, a company may need all local computers to be networked within the similar area so that each computer can be seen from other computers within the domain or placed from a main server.

Setting up a domain may also block outside traffic from accessing computers within the network, which adds an extra level of security.

Where PCs running a Windows operating system must be integrated into a domain that includes non-Windows PCs, the free open source package Samba is a suitable alternative. Whichever package is used to control it, the database contains the user accounts and security information for the resources in that domain.


Often abbreviated as FS, a files system is just a way of locating and planning documents from the storage medium like a drive.
File systems often contain documents divided into groups named sites.Sites can include additional sites or documents.
F ile systems can be used on numerous different types of storage devices that use different kinds of media.

The most common storage device in use today is a hard disk drive. Other kinds of media that are used include flash memory, magnetic tapes, and optical discs. In some cases, such as with tmpfs, the computer’s main memory (random-access memory, RAM) is used to create a temporary file system for short-term use.
The most often used file system with Windows is NTFS today.


It is the indicators that movement in both directions, but one way at the same time. In microcomputer communications, HDX or half-duplex describes service of the internet local match that causes the device to deliver a duplicate of given information towards the sending computer’s display.

Some modems contain a switch that lets you select between half-duplex and full-duplex modes. The correct choice depends on which program you are using to transmit data through the modem. In half-duplex mode, each character transmitted is immediately displayed on your screen. An example of a half-duplex device is a CB (citizens band) radio.